You are using an unsupported browser. Please upgrade your browser to a newer version to get the best experience on Livestock Metabolome Database.
Record Information
Version1.0
Creation Date2016-07-13 19:41:41 UTC
Update Date2021-04-30 20:57:58 UTC
LmdbLMDB00069
Secondary Accession NumbersNone
Metabolite Identification
Common NameL-Phenylalanine
DescriptionPhenylalanine is an essential amino acid and the precursor for the amino acid tyrosine. Like tyrosine, it is the precursor of catecholamines in the body (tyramine, dopamine, epinephrine and norepinephrine). The psychotropic drugs (mescaline, morphine, codeine, and papaverine) also have phenylalanine as a constituent. Phenylalanine is a precursor of the neurotransmitters called catecholamines, which are adrenalin-like substances. Phenylalanine is highly concentrated in the animal brain and plasma. Normal metabolism of phenylalanine requires biopterin, iron, niacin, vitamin B6, copper and vitamin C. An average adult ingests 5 g of phenylalanine per day and may optimally need up to 8 g daily. Phenylalanine is highly concentrated in high protein foods, such as meat, cottage cheese and wheat germ. A new dietary source of phenylalanine is artificial sweeteners containing aspartame. Aspartame appears to be nutritious except in hot beverages; however, it should be avoided by phenylketonurics and pregnant women. Phenylketonurics, who have a genetic error of phenylalanine metabolism, have elevated serum plasma levels of phenylalanine up to 400 times normal. Mild phenylketonuria can be an unsuspected cause of hyperactivity, learning problems, and other developmental problems in children. Phenylalanine can be an effective pain reliever. Its use in premenstrual syndrome and Parkinson's may enhance the effects of acupuncture and electric transcutaneous nerve stimulation (TENS). Phenylalanine and tyrosine, like L-dopa, produce a catecholamine effect. Phenylalanine is better absorbed than tyrosine and may cause fewer headaches. Low phenylalanine diets have been prescribed for certain cancers with mixed results. Some tumors use more phenylalanine (particularly melatonin-producing tumors called melanoma). One strategy is to exclude this amino acid from the diet, i.e., a Phenylketonuria (PKU) diet (compliance is a difficult issue; it is hard to quantify and is under-researched). The other strategy is just to increase phenylalanine's competing amino acids, i.e., tryptophan, valine, isoleucine and leucine, but not tyrosine. (http://www.dcnutrition.com).
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
(S)-2-Amino-3-phenylpropionic acidChEBI
(S)-alpha-Amino-beta-phenylpropionic acidChEBI
3-Phenyl-L-alanineChEBI
beta-Phenyl-L-alanineChEBI
FChEBI
PheChEBI
PHENYLALANINEChEBI
(S)-2-Amino-3-phenylpropionateGenerator
(S)-a-Amino-b-phenylpropionateGenerator
(S)-a-Amino-b-phenylpropionic acidGenerator
(S)-alpha-Amino-beta-phenylpropionateGenerator
(S)-Α-amino-β-phenylpropionateGenerator
(S)-Α-amino-β-phenylpropionic acidGenerator
b-Phenyl-L-alanineGenerator
Β-phenyl-L-alanineGenerator
(-)-beta-PhenylalanineHMDB
(L)-PhenylalanineHMDB
(S)-(-)-PhenylalanineHMDB
(S)-2-Amino-3-phenylpropanoateHMDB
(S)-2-Amino-3-phenylpropanoic acidHMDB
(S)-alpha-Amino-benzenepropanoateHMDB
(S)-alpha-Amino-benzenepropanoic acidHMDB
(S)-alpha-AminobenzenepropanoateHMDB
(S)-alpha-Aminobenzenepropanoic acidHMDB
(S)-alpha-AminohydrocinnamateHMDB
(S)-alpha-Aminohydrocinnamic acidHMDB
(S)-PhenylalanineHMDB
alpha-AminohydrocinnamateHMDB
alpha-Aminohydrocinnamic acidHMDB
beta-Phenyl-alpha-alanineHMDB
beta-PhenylalanineHMDB
L-2-Amino-3-phenylpropionateHMDB
L-2-Amino-3-phenylpropionic acidHMDB
Phenyl-alanineHMDB
PhenylalamineHMDB
L-Isomer phenylalanineHMDB
Phenylalanine, L isomerHMDB
Phenylalanine, L-isomerHMDB
EndorphenylHMDB
(6S)-TetrahydrofolateHMDB
(6S)-Tetrahydrofolic acidHMDB
(6S)-THFAHMDB
5,6,7,8-TetrahydrofolateHMDB
TetrahydrofolateHMDB
THFHMDB
5,6,7,8-Tetrahydrofolic acidHMDB
Chemical FormulaC9H11NO2
Average Molecular Weight165.1891
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight165.078978601
IUPAC Name(2S)-2-amino-3-phenylpropanoic acid
Traditional NameL-phenylalanine
CAS Registry Number63-91-2
SMILES
N[C@@H](CC1=CC=CC=C1)C(O)=O
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C9H11NO2/c10-8(9(11)12)6-7-4-2-1-3-5-7/h1-5,8H,6,10H2,(H,11,12)/t8-/m0/s1
InChI KeyCOLNVLDHVKWLRT-QMMMGPOBSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
Description belongs to the class of organic compounds known as phenylalanine and derivatives. Phenylalanine and derivatives are compounds containing phenylalanine or a derivative thereof resulting from reaction of phenylalanine at the amino group or the carboxy group, or from the replacement of any hydrogen of glycine by a heteroatom.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassOrganic acids and derivatives
ClassCarboxylic acids and derivatives
Sub ClassAmino acids, peptides, and analogues
Direct ParentPhenylalanine and derivatives
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Phenylalanine or derivatives
  • 3-phenylpropanoic-acid
  • Alpha-amino acid
  • Amphetamine or derivatives
  • L-alpha-amino acid
  • Aralkylamine
  • Monocyclic benzene moiety
  • Benzenoid
  • Amino acid
  • Carboxylic acid
  • Monocarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Organic nitrogen compound
  • Primary amine
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Primary aliphatic amine
  • Organic oxide
  • Carbonyl group
  • Organopnictogen compound
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Amine
  • Aromatic homomonocyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAromatic homomonocyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Ontology
StatusDetected and Quantified
OriginNot Available
BiofunctionNot Available
ApplicationNot Available
Cellular locationsNot Available
Physical Properties
StateNot Available
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
logP-1.4ALOGPS
logP-1.2ChemAxon
logS-1.6ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)2.47ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)9.45ChemAxon
Physiological Charge0ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count3ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count2ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area63.32 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count3ChemAxon
Refractivity45.12 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability17.03 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings1ChemAxon
BioavailabilityYesChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterNoChemAxon
Veber's RuleNoChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleNoChemAxon
Spectra
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash KeyView
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-EI-TOF (Pegasus III TOF-MS system, Leco; GC 6890, Agilent Technologies) (2 TMS)splash10-0fr6-1930000000-a37fbccaf826443ef70cSpectrum
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-EI-TOF (Pegasus III TOF-MS system, Leco; GC 6890, Agilent Technologies) (Non-derivatized)splash10-014l-1940000000-537e2725d621246630c1Spectrum
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-EI-TOF (Pegasus III TOF-MS system, Leco; GC 6890, Agilent Technologies) (2 TMS)splash10-00di-9630000000-ead0919f9a19d2352d80Spectrum
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (1 TMS)splash10-00di-2900000000-cb2d6dc4bf9515150328Spectrum
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (2 TMS)splash10-014l-2960000000-f77489792f0652dd5613Spectrum
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - EI-B (Non-derivatized)splash10-014l-0970000000-792b341dd28b9e30bac2Spectrum
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-EI-TOF (Non-derivatized)splash10-0fr6-1930000000-a37fbccaf826443ef70cSpectrum
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-EI-TOF (Non-derivatized)splash10-014l-1940000000-537e2725d621246630c1Spectrum
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-EI-QQ (Non-derivatized)splash10-0ul9-3659000000-b85be4e71798e2fdc47bSpectrum
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-EI-TOF (Non-derivatized)splash10-00di-9630000000-ead0919f9a19d2352d80Spectrum
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (Non-derivatized)splash10-00di-2900000000-cb2d6dc4bf9515150328Spectrum
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (Non-derivatized)splash10-014l-2960000000-f77489792f0652dd5613Spectrum
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (Non-derivatized) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-006x-9600000000-df38fcb743d8f44fb876Spectrum
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (1 TMS) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-00di-7900000000-f21569d2ec75b88e1bdaSpectrum
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (Non-derivatized) - 70eV, PositiveNot AvailableSpectrum
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (Non-derivatized) - 70eV, PositiveNot AvailableSpectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 10V, Positive (Annotated)splash10-014i-0900000000-0f3b994108b8a9fd2a56Spectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 25V, Positive (Annotated)splash10-0gb9-2900000000-c14d44c8a67621757f3dSpectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 40V, Positive (Annotated)splash10-004i-9300000000-08c642dab7f49c00da43Spectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-ITFT (LTQ Orbitrap XL, Thermo Scientfic) , Positivesplash10-014i-0900000000-7dce1e473976f7d2143eSpectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-ITFT (LTQ Orbitrap XL, Thermo Scientfic) , Positivesplash10-0f6x-9600000000-711557391093b0d8500aSpectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-ITFT (LTQ Orbitrap XL, Thermo Scientfic) , Positivesplash10-00di-0900000000-0c25a5c116eac7bb059bSpectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-ITFT (LTQ Orbitrap XL, Thermo Scientfic) , Positivesplash10-00di-0900000000-2804f79084ac4e67e155Spectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-ITFT (LTQ Orbitrap XL, Thermo Scientfic) , Positivesplash10-014i-0900000000-8a71bb1f8424064d7cafSpectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-ITFT (LTQ Orbitrap XL, Thermo Scientfic) , Positivesplash10-0f6x-9800000000-e027ff6bb67ce55e80a5Spectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-ITFT (LTQ Orbitrap XL, Thermo Scientfic) , Positivesplash10-014i-0900000000-9f6185e9c7d54189f369Spectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-ITFT (LTQ Orbitrap XL, Thermo Scientfic) , Positivesplash10-00di-0900000000-df5f72fe2bba91742427Spectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-ITFT (LTQ Orbitrap XL, Thermo Scientfic) , Negativesplash10-0ir3-0988735721-bac229222fe7b52812a8Spectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-ITFT (LTQ Orbitrap XL, Thermo Scientfic) , Negativesplash10-0002-0900000000-453477dec847a3672ffeSpectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-ITFT (LTQ Orbitrap XL, Thermo Scientfic) , Negativesplash10-0a4i-0010963000-079a66bf710f6778bcebSpectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-ITFT (LTQ Orbitrap XL, Thermo Scientfic) , Negativesplash10-00di-0000009000-62dbe98de4ecde484fb3Spectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 10V, Negativesplash10-03di-0900000000-80558c17dc1845663c85Spectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 20V, Negativesplash10-0002-3900000000-e1ee31d41e48824e84b7Spectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 30V, Negativesplash10-0f6x-9500000000-cc11290a37615f24e16eSpectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 50V, Negativesplash10-0006-9000000000-1a6020bce0e1a9a14832Spectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 40V, Negativesplash10-0006-9000000000-38c044a112152626962eSpectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 10V, Positivesplash10-014i-0900000000-9b908abfcb63153d60b3Spectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 20V, Positivesplash10-00di-1900000000-3ba5964e151bb1d56188Spectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 30V, Positivesplash10-00di-2900000000-20a7d24da0281f5b3b78Spectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 40V, Positivesplash10-0udi-5900000000-1800642a835b49f3398aSpectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 50V, Positivesplash10-0fb9-9300000000-f262384c85fb843f8a11Spectrum
MSMass Spectrum (Electron Ionization)splash10-00dl-9300000000-4782928378caea601f9bSpectrum
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableSpectrum
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableSpectrum
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableSpectrum
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableSpectrum
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableSpectrum
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableSpectrum
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableSpectrum
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableSpectrum
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableSpectrum
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableSpectrum
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableSpectrum
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableSpectrum
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableSpectrum
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableSpectrum
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableSpectrum
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableSpectrum
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableSpectrum
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableSpectrum
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableSpectrum
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableSpectrum
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableSpectrum
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableSpectrum
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableSpectrum
2D NMR[1H,1H] 2D NMR SpectrumNot AvailableSpectrum
2D NMR[1H,13C] 2D NMR SpectrumNot AvailableSpectrum
Biological Properties
Cellular LocationsNot Available
Biofluid Locations and Tissue Locations
  • Brain
  • Cerebrospinal Fluid (CSF)
  • Colostrum
  • Embryo culture media
  • Feces
  • Follicular Fluid
  • Jejunum
  • Kidney
  • Liver
  • Lung
  • Meat
  • Milk
  • Plasma
  • Ruminal Fluid
  • Serum
  • Urine
Concentrations
BiofluidStatusValueConditionSpeciesReferenceDetails
BrainDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableOvine details
Cerebrospinal Fluid (CSF)Detected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableOvine details
ColostrumDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableBovine details
ColostrumDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableBovine details
ColostrumDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableBovine details
ColostrumDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableBovine
    • S. F. Graham, T. ...
details
Embryo culture mediaDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableBovine details
Embryo culture mediaDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableBovine details
FecesDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableOvine details
Follicular FluidDetected and Quantified91 +/- 0-130+/-10 uMNot AvailablePorcine details
JejunumDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailablePorcine details
KidneyDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailablePorcine details
LiverDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailablePorcine details
LungDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailablePorcine details
MeatDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableBovine details
MeatDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailablePorcine details
MeatDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableBovine details
MeatDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableBovine details
MeatDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableBovine
    • S. F. Graham, T. ...
details
MeatDetected and Quantified105.7 +/- 18.05 uMNot AvailableBovine details
MeatDetected and Quantified242.58 +/- 15.65 uMNot AvailableBovine details
MeatDetected and Quantified54.02 +/- 3.36 uMNot AvailableBovine details
MeatDetected and Quantified80.81 +/- 10.96 uMNot AvailableBovine details
MilkDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableBovine details
MilkDetected and Quantified2-10 uMNot AvailableBovine details
MilkDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableBovine
    • Kurt J. Boudonck,...
details
PlasmaDetected and Quantified66 +/- 3-115+/-17 uMNot AvailablePorcine details
PlasmaDetected and Quantified71 +/- 12-111+/-10 uMNot AvailablePorcine details
PlasmaDetected and Quantified97 +/- 1-100+/-1 uMNot AvailablePorcine details
PlasmaDetected and Quantified47.3 uMNot AvailableBovine details
PlasmaDetected and Quantified51.7 uMNot AvailableBovine details
PlasmaDetected and Quantified54.3 uMNot AvailableBovine details
PlasmaDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableEquine
    • E. E. Escalona, J...
details
PlasmaDetected and Quantified44.8-87.1 uMNot AvailableOvine details
PlasmaDetected and Quantified72.2 +/- 18.3 uMNot AvailableOvine details
PlasmaDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailablePorcine details
PlasmaDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableBovine details
PlasmaDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableBovine details
PlasmaDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableBovine details
PlasmaDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableBovine details
PlasmaDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailablePorcine details
PlasmaDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableOvine details
PlasmaDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableOvine details
PlasmaDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailablePorcine details
PlasmaDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableBovine
    • Trabi M, Keller M...
details
PlasmaDetected and Quantified39.08 +/- 3.17-54.62+/-3.17 uMNot AvailablePorcine details
PlasmaDetected and Quantified48.73 +/- 3.24-38.06+/-3.24 uMNot AvailablePorcine details
PlasmaDetected and Quantified92.43 uMNot AvailablePorcine details
PlasmaDetected and Quantified100.42 uMNot AvailablePorcine details
PlasmaDetected and Quantified117.06 uMNot AvailablePorcine details
PlasmaDetected and Quantified131.29 uMNot AvailablePorcine details
Ruminal FluidDetected and Quantified34 +/- 17 uMNot AvailableBovine
    • Saleem F, Bouatra...
details
Ruminal FluidDetected and Quantified34 +/- 17 uMNot AvailableBovine
    • Saleem F, Bouatra...
details
Ruminal FluidDetected and Quantified36 +/- 13 uMNot AvailableBovine
    • Saleem F, Bouatra...
details
Ruminal FluidDetected and Quantified64 +/- 17 uMNot AvailableBovine
    • Saleem F, Bouatra...
details
Ruminal FluidDetected and Quantified65 +/- 20 uMNot AvailableBovine
    • Saleem F, Bouatra...
details
Ruminal FluidDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableBovine details
Ruminal FluidDetected and Quantified28.9 uMNot AvailableBovine details
Ruminal FluidDetected and Quantified35.7 uMNot AvailableBovine details
Ruminal FluidDetected and Quantified64.5 uMNot AvailableBovine details
Ruminal FluidDetected and Quantified77.7 uMNot AvailableBovine details
Ruminal FluidDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableBovine
    • Fozia Saleem, Sou...
details
SerumDetected and Quantified37.0534 +/- 7.2186 uM
Normal
Ovine
    • Goldansaz et al.,...
details
SerumDetected and Quantified41.7285 +/- 9.5056 uM
Normal
Ovine
    • Goldansaz et al.,...
details
SerumDetected and Quantified92.4 uMNot AvailablePorcine
    • Barbara U. Metzle...
details
SerumDetected and Quantified123.7 uMNot AvailablePorcine
    • Barbara U. Metzle...
details
SerumDetected and Quantified126.4 uMNot AvailablePorcine
    • Barbara U. Metzle...
details
SerumDetected and Quantified146.2 uMNot AvailablePorcine
    • Barbara U. Metzle...
details
SerumDetected and Quantified35.4157 +/- 6.7103 uM
Normal
Ovine
    • Goldansaz et al.,...
details
SerumDetected and Quantified41.5133 +/- 9.7964 uM
Normal
Ovine
    • Goldansaz et al.,...
details
SerumDetected and Quantified44.58 +/- 16.91 uMNot AvailableOvine
    • Candidate serum m...
details
SerumDetected and Quantified34.6369 +/- 8.5539 uM
Normal
Ovine
    • Goldansaz et al.,...
details
SerumDetected and Quantified42.2956 +/- 10.3902 uM
Normal
Ovine
    • Goldansaz et al.,...
details
SerumDetected and Quantified36.4917 +/- 5.8825 uM
Normal
Ovine
    • Goldansaz et al.,...
details
SerumDetected and Quantified43.2552 +/- 11.323 uM
Normal
Ovine
    • Goldansaz et al.,...
details
SerumDetected and Quantified151.947 uMNot AvailablePorcine details
SerumDetected and Quantified111.872 uMNot AvailablePorcine details
SerumDetected and Quantified129.912 uMNot AvailablePorcine details
SerumDetected and Quantified118.834 uMNot AvailablePorcine details
SerumDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailablePorcine details
SerumDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailablePorcine details
SerumDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailablePorcine details
SerumDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailablePorcine details
SerumDetected and Quantified38.0941 +/- 10.332 uM
Normal
Ovine
    • Goldansaz et al.,...
details
SerumDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailablePorcine details
SerumDetected and Quantified38.2567 +/- 8.0153 uM
Normal
Ovine
    • Goldansaz et al.,...
details
SerumDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableBovine details
SerumDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableBovine details
SerumDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableBovine details
SerumDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableBovine details
SerumDetected and Quantified42.4692 +/- 9.0829 uM
Normal
Ovine
    • Goldansaz et al.,...
details
SerumDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailablePorcine details
SerumDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableCaprine details
SerumDetected and Quantified85 +/- 3 uMNot AvailablePorcine details
SerumDetected and Quantified39.7903 +/- 9.9421 uM
Normal
Ovine
    • Goldansaz et al.,...
details
SerumDetected and Quantified41.5935 +/- 11.1214 uM
Normal
Ovine
    • Goldansaz et al.,...
details
SerumDetected and Quantified35.1977 +/- 10.6452 uM
Normal
Ovine
    • Goldansaz et al.,...
details
SerumDetected and Quantified36.5996 +/- 7.017 uM
Normal
Ovine
    • Goldansaz et al.,...
details
SerumDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailablePorcine
    • Cao, Hongcio; Ma,...
details
SerumDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailablePorcine
    • Pengcheng Zhou, J...
details
SerumDetected and Quantified38.5358 +/- 7.3847 uM
Normal
Ovine
    • Goldansaz et al.,...
details
SerumDetected and Quantified39.8354 +/- 10.6782 uM
Normal
Ovine
    • Goldansaz et al.,...
details
SerumDetected and Quantified37.7999 +/- 5.8849 uM
Normal
Ovine
    • Goldansaz et al.,...
details
SerumDetected and Quantified40.4374 +/- 13.2968 uM
Normal
Ovine
    • Goldansaz et al.,...
details
SerumDetected and Quantified39.735 +/- 10.7379 uM
Normal
Ovine
    • Goldansaz et al.,...
details
UrineDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableBovine details
UrineDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailablePorcine details
UrineDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailablePorcine details
DrugBank IDDB00120
HMDB IDHMDB0000159
FooDB IDFDB004940
Phenol Explorer IDNot Available
KNApSAcK IDC00001386
BiGG ID33775
BioCyc IDPHE
METLIN ID28
PDB IDNot Available
Wikipedia LinkPhenylalanine
Chemspider ID5910
ChEBI ID17295
PubChem Compound ID6140
Kegg Compound IDC00079
YMDB IDYMDB00304
ECMDB IDECMDB00159
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
General ReferencesNot Available