You are using an unsupported browser. Please upgrade your browser to a newer version to get the best experience on Livestock Metabolome Database.
Record Information
Version1.0
Creation Date2016-07-13 19:41:44 UTC
Update Date2021-04-30 20:57:58 UTC
LmdbLMDB00071
Secondary Accession NumbersNone
Metabolite Identification
Common NameL-Proline
DescriptionL-Proline, also known as L-prolin, belongs to the class of organic compounds known as proline and derivatives. Proline and derivatives are compounds containing proline or a derivative thereof resulting from reaction of proline at the amino group or the carboxy group, or from the replacement of any hydrogen of glycine by a heteroatom. It is an essential component of collagen and is important for proper functioning of joints and tendons. L-Proline is a very strong basic compound (based on its pKa). L-Proline exists in all living species, ranging from bacteria to humans. Within humans, L-proline participates in a number of enzymatic reactions. In particular, L-proline can be biosynthesized from 1-pyrroline-5-carboxylic acid through the action of the enzyme proline dehydrogenase 1, mitochondrial. In addition, L-proline can be converted into 1-pyrroline-5-carboxylic acid; which is mediated by the enzyme pyrroline-5-carboxylate reductase 2. L-Proline is the only one of the twenty DNA-encoded amino acids which has a secondary amino group alpha to the carboxyl group. In humans, L-proline is involved in the metabolic disorder called hyperornithinemia with gyrate atrophy (hoga). L-Proline is an odorless tasting compound. Outside of the human body, L-Proline is found, on average, in the highest concentration within a few different foods, such as gelatins, caseins, and gelatin desserts and in a lower concentration in common walnuts, frozen yogurts, and greater sturgeons. L-Proline has also been detected, but not quantified in, several different foods, such as pomes, dandelions, beans, roman camomiles, and climbing beans. This could make L-proline a potential biomarker for the consumption of these foods. It also helps maintain and strengthen heart muscles. L-Proline is a potentially toxic compound. Pyrrolidine in which the pro-S hydrogen at position 2 is substituted by a carboxylic acid group.
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
(-)-(S)-ProlineChEBI
(-)-2-Pyrrolidinecarboxylic acidChEBI
(-)-ProlineChEBI
(2S)-Pyrrolidine-2-carboxylic acidChEBI
(S)-2-CarboxypyrrolidineChEBI
(S)-2-Pyrrolidinecarboxylic acidChEBI
(S)-Pyrrolidine-2-carboxylic acidChEBI
2-Pyrrolidinecarboxylic acidChEBI
L-(-)-ProlineChEBI
L-alpha-Pyrrolidinecarboxylic acidChEBI
L-ProlinChEBI
L-Pyrrolidine-2-carboxylic acidChEBI
PChEBI
ProlinaChEBI
PROLINEChEBI
ProlinumChEBI
(-)-2-PyrrolidinecarboxylateGenerator
(2S)-Pyrrolidine-2-carboxylateGenerator
(S)-2-PyrrolidinecarboxylateGenerator
(S)-Pyrrolidine-2-carboxylateGenerator
2-PyrrolidinecarboxylateGenerator
L-a-PyrrolidinecarboxylateGenerator
L-a-Pyrrolidinecarboxylic acidGenerator
L-alpha-PyrrolidinecarboxylateGenerator
L-Α-pyrrolidinecarboxylateGenerator
L-Α-pyrrolidinecarboxylic acidGenerator
L-Pyrrolidine-2-carboxylateGenerator
(S)-(-)-ProlineHMDB
(S)-(-)-Pyrrolidine-2-carboxylateHMDB
(S)-(-)-Pyrrolidine-2-carboxylic acidHMDB
(S)-2-PyrralidinecarboxylateHMDB
(S)-2-Pyrralidinecarboxylic acidHMDB
(S)-ProlineHMDB
L ProlineHMDB
Chemical FormulaC5H9NO2
Average Molecular Weight115.1305
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight115.063328537
IUPAC Name(2S)-pyrrolidine-2-carboxylic acid
Traditional NameL-proline
CAS Registry Number147-85-3
SMILES
OC(=O)[C@@H]1CCCN1
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C5H9NO2/c7-5(8)4-2-1-3-6-4/h4,6H,1-3H2,(H,7,8)/t4-/m0/s1
InChI KeyONIBWKKTOPOVIA-BYPYZUCNSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
Description belongs to the class of organic compounds known as proline and derivatives. Proline and derivatives are compounds containing proline or a derivative thereof resulting from reaction of proline at the amino group or the carboxy group, or from the replacement of any hydrogen of glycine by a heteroatom.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassOrganic acids and derivatives
ClassCarboxylic acids and derivatives
Sub ClassAmino acids, peptides, and analogues
Direct ParentProline and derivatives
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Proline or derivatives
  • Alpha-amino acid
  • L-alpha-amino acid
  • Pyrrolidine carboxylic acid
  • Pyrrolidine carboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Pyrrolidine
  • Amino acid
  • Carboxylic acid
  • Secondary aliphatic amine
  • Monocarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Secondary amine
  • Organoheterocyclic compound
  • Azacycle
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Amine
  • Organopnictogen compound
  • Organic oxide
  • Carbonyl group
  • Organic nitrogen compound
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Aliphatic heteromonocyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic heteromonocyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Ontology
StatusDetected and Quantified
OriginNot Available
BiofunctionNot Available
ApplicationNot Available
Cellular locationsNot Available
Physical Properties
StateNot Available
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
logP-2.7ALOGPS
logP-2.6ChemAxon
logS0.5ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)1.94ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)11.33ChemAxon
Physiological Charge0ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count3ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count2ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area49.33 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count1ChemAxon
Refractivity28.06 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability11.5 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings1ChemAxon
BioavailabilityYesChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterNoChemAxon
Veber's RuleNoChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleNoChemAxon
Spectra
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash KeyView
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-EI-TOF (Pegasus III TOF-MS system, Leco; GC 6890, Agilent Technologies) (2 TMS)splash10-0006-0910000000-a9127c0e370afb80259bSpectrum
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-EI-TOF (Pegasus III TOF-MS system, Leco; GC 6890, Agilent Technologies) (2 TMS)splash10-000f-0910000000-3195f21e625520d51316Spectrum
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-EI-TOF (Pegasus III TOF-MS system, Leco; GC 6890, Agilent Technologies) (Non-derivatized)splash10-0006-0900000000-119af746c347969e8ae7Spectrum
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-EI-TOF (Pegasus III TOF-MS system, Leco; GC 6890, Agilent Technologies) (2 TMS)splash10-006x-8900000000-b31beabb1ed6235e7145Spectrum
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (1 TMS)splash10-00di-9100000000-c1c67bc521741ee891cbSpectrum
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (2 TMS)splash10-0006-1900000000-84e6fb318323fd0261b1Spectrum
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (1 TMS)splash10-00xs-8910000000-74b0c34ca5fd7c85f1d9Spectrum
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - EI-B (Non-derivatized)splash10-00fu-9000000000-716c3d01b301162863b6Spectrum
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - EI-B (Non-derivatized)splash10-0006-0900000000-0d7354201ed866c87b13Spectrum
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-EI-TOF (Non-derivatized)splash10-0006-0910000000-a9127c0e370afb80259bSpectrum
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-EI-TOF (Non-derivatized)splash10-000f-0910000000-3195f21e625520d51316Spectrum
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-EI-TOF (Non-derivatized)splash10-0006-0900000000-119af746c347969e8ae7Spectrum
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-EI-QQ (Non-derivatized)splash10-001i-1920000000-09006ee4e7a137d8a45aSpectrum
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-EI-TOF (Non-derivatized)splash10-006x-8900000000-b31beabb1ed6235e7145Spectrum
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (Non-derivatized)splash10-0006-1900000000-84e6fb318323fd0261b1Spectrum
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (Non-derivatized)splash10-00xs-8910000000-74b0c34ca5fd7c85f1d9Spectrum
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (Non-derivatized)splash10-00di-9100000000-c1c67bc521741ee891cbSpectrum
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (Non-derivatized) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-00fu-9000000000-d203e3dfb0701403a75bSpectrum
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (1 TMS) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-00di-9000000000-56471980a375d26046caSpectrum
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (Non-derivatized) - 70eV, PositiveNot AvailableSpectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 10V, Positive (Annotated)splash10-00xr-9600000000-ba51a901e786b1a4663eSpectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 25V, Positive (Annotated)splash10-00di-9000000000-f72e2f3812225708fc56Spectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 40V, Positive (Annotated)splash10-00di-9000000000-59887da6580f63bcc1c5Spectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - EI-B (HITACHI M-80) , Positivesplash10-00fu-9000000000-c69dcaf7cb2d1e9d285eSpectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-ITFT (LTQ Orbitrap XL, Thermo Scientfic) , Positivesplash10-014i-0930000000-984f9a23ebfe28f95017Spectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-ITFT (LTQ Orbitrap XL, Thermo Scientfic) , Positivesplash10-014i-9000000000-f75575cac28a54aa923dSpectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-ITFT (LTQ Orbitrap XL, Thermo Scientfic) , Positivesplash10-00di-9000000000-221cfb8c82f3df76eb51Spectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-ITFT (LTQ Orbitrap XL, Thermo Scientfic) , Positivesplash10-014i-0900000000-e5741fd9870218d57cafSpectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-ITFT (LTQ Orbitrap XL, Thermo Scientfic) , Positivesplash10-014i-0900000000-6bc9b4e775be37fa18d9Spectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-ITFT (LTQ Orbitrap XL, Thermo Scientfic) , Positivesplash10-014i-9000000000-a8eb419b26655a6a1dabSpectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-ITFT (LTQ Orbitrap XL, Thermo Scientfic) , Positivesplash10-00di-9000000000-873ee03b61d1ffcae70fSpectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-ITFT (LTQ Orbitrap XL, Thermo Scientfic) , Positivesplash10-014i-0900000000-61d583960651669fb9e6Spectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 10V, Negativesplash10-03di-0900000000-2c23774af5f6a0c217d5Spectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 20V, Negativesplash10-03di-0900000000-d89c1e626ef24a79c89fSpectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 30V, Negativesplash10-03di-1900000000-fc27094f2eb75e65b438Spectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 10V, Positivesplash10-014i-1900000000-3221c23504b8847abf8dSpectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 20V, Positivesplash10-00di-9100000000-8169367f5127c57fae12Spectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 30V, Positivesplash10-00di-9000000000-f704eb8402fcacfccd18Spectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 40V, Positivesplash10-00di-9000000000-ccd74eea36efab2cbab8Spectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 50V, Positivesplash10-00di-9000000000-9f214692cd39a6581813Spectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - CE-ESI-TOF (CE-system connected to 6210 Time-of-Flight MS, Agilent) , Positivesplash10-014i-0900000000-ef038c77922e4c89eeb0Spectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QTOF (UPLC Q-Tof Premier, Waters) , Positivesplash10-00di-9400000000-4073ea1df57a60b36d69Spectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QTOF (UPLC Q-Tof Premier, Waters) 30V, Positivesplash10-00di-9000000000-495fdbd2f565bd794632Spectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QTOF (UPLC Q-Tof Premier, Waters) , Negativesplash10-03di-0900000000-e1d0a4b20419dc7bae92Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-014i-6900000000-eba8ceb2a71d2726acd0Spectrum
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableSpectrum
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableSpectrum
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableSpectrum
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableSpectrum
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableSpectrum
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableSpectrum
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableSpectrum
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableSpectrum
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableSpectrum
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableSpectrum
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableSpectrum
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableSpectrum
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableSpectrum
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableSpectrum
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableSpectrum
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableSpectrum
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableSpectrum
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableSpectrum
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableSpectrum
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableSpectrum
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableSpectrum
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableSpectrum
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableSpectrum
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableSpectrum
2D NMR[1H,1H] 2D NMR SpectrumNot AvailableSpectrum
2D NMR[1H,13C] 2D NMR SpectrumNot AvailableSpectrum
Biological Properties
Cellular LocationsNot Available
Biofluid Locations and Tissue Locations
  • Cerebrospinal Fluid (CSF)
  • Colostrum
  • Feces
  • Follicular Fluid
  • Jejunum
  • Kidney
  • Liver
  • Lung
  • Meat
  • Milk
  • Plasma
  • Ruminal Fluid
  • Serum
  • Urine
Concentrations
BiofluidStatusValueConditionSpeciesReferenceDetails
Cerebrospinal Fluid (CSF)Detected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableOvine details
ColostrumDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableBovine
    • S. F. Graham, T. ...
details
ColostrumDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableBovine details
ColostrumDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableBovine details
FecesDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableOvine details
Follicular FluidDetected and Quantified170 +/- 0-270+/-30 uMNot AvailablePorcine details
JejunumDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailablePorcine details
KidneyDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailablePorcine details
LiverDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailablePorcine details
LungDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailablePorcine details
MeatDetected and Quantified5.12+/-1.46 umol/gNot AvailableBovine
    • S. F. Graham, T. ...
details
MeatDetected and Quantified5.59+/-1.45 umol/gNot AvailableBovine
    • S. F. Graham, T. ...
details
MeatDetected and Quantified5.95+/-1.89 umol/gNot AvailableBovine
    • S. F. Graham, T. ...
details
MeatDetected and Quantified6.67+/-2.85 umol/gNot AvailableBovine
    • S. F. Graham, T. ...
details
MeatDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableBovine
    • S. F. Graham, T. ...
details
MeatDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableBovine details
MeatDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableBovine details
MilkDetected and Quantified11-47 uMNot AvailableBovine details
MilkDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableBovine
    • Kurt J. Boudonck,...
details
MilkDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableBovine details
PlasmaDetected and Quantified270 +/- 16-319+/-27 uMNot AvailablePorcine details
PlasmaDetected and Quantified312 +/- 2-303+/-9 uMNot AvailablePorcine details
PlasmaDetected and Quantified331 +/- 30-311+/-18 uMNot AvailablePorcine details
PlasmaDetected and Quantified45.7 uMNot AvailableBovine details
PlasmaDetected and Quantified48.9 uMNot AvailableBovine details
PlasmaDetected and Quantified55.3 uMNot AvailableBovine details
PlasmaDetected and Quantified109.0 +/- 33.5 uMNot AvailableOvine details
PlasmaDetected and Quantified70.5-116.6 uMNot AvailableOvine details
PlasmaDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailablePorcine details
PlasmaDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableBovine details
PlasmaDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableBovine details
PlasmaDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableBovine details
PlasmaDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableBovine details
PlasmaDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableOvine details
PlasmaDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableOvine details
PlasmaDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailablePorcine details
PlasmaDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableBovine details
PlasmaDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailablePorcine details
Ruminal FluidDetected and Quantified124 +/- 9 uMNot AvailableBovine
    • Saleem F, Bouatra...
details
Ruminal FluidDetected and Quantified158 +/- 24 uMNot AvailableBovine
    • Saleem F, Bouatra...
details
Ruminal FluidDetected and Quantified158 +/- 24 uMNot AvailableBovine
    • Saleem F, Bouatra...
details
Ruminal FluidDetected and Quantified158 +/- 33 uMNot AvailableBovine
    • Saleem F, Bouatra...
details
Ruminal FluidDetected and Quantified173 +/- 29 uMNot AvailableBovine
    • Saleem F, Bouatra...
details
Ruminal FluidDetected and Quantified220 +/- 31 uMNot AvailableBovine
    • Saleem F, Bouatra...
details
Ruminal FluidDetected and Quantified117 uMNot AvailableBovine
    • Burim NA, Qendrim...
details
Ruminal FluidDetected and Quantified130 uMNot AvailableBovine
    • Burim NA, Qendrim...
details
Ruminal FluidDetected and Quantified141 uMNot AvailableBovine
    • Burim NA, Qendrim...
details
Ruminal FluidDetected and Quantified165 uMNot AvailableBovine
    • Burim NA, Qendrim...
details
Ruminal FluidDetected and Quantified154.6 uMNot AvailableBovine details
Ruminal FluidDetected and Quantified159.6 uMNot AvailableBovine details
Ruminal FluidDetected and Quantified173.2 uMNot AvailableBovine details
Ruminal FluidDetected and Quantified289 +/- 49 uMNot AvailableBovine details
Ruminal FluidDetected and Quantified220.4 uMNot AvailableBovine details
Ruminal FluidDetected and Quantified399 +/- 90 uMNot AvailableBovine details
Ruminal FluidDetected and Quantified418 +/- 86 uMNot AvailableBovine details
Ruminal FluidDetected and Quantified1,230 +/- 45 uMNot AvailableCaprine details
SerumDetected and Quantified73.6147 +/- 37.5053 uM
Normal
Ovine
    • Goldansaz et al.,...
details
SerumDetected and Quantified70.689 +/- 21.6607 uM
Normal
Ovine
    • Goldansaz et al.,...
details
SerumDetected and Quantified331.2 uMNot AvailablePorcine
    • Barbara U. Metzle...
details
SerumDetected and Quantified67.8739 +/- 22.3104 uM
Normal
Ovine
    • Goldansaz et al.,...
details
SerumDetected and Quantified409.9 uMNot AvailablePorcine
    • Barbara U. Metzle...
details
SerumDetected and Quantified413.5 uMNot AvailablePorcine
    • Barbara U. Metzle...
details
SerumDetected and Quantified432 uMNot AvailablePorcine
    • Barbara U. Metzle...
details
SerumDetected and Quantified66.8707 +/- 27.1794 uM
Normal
Ovine
    • Goldansaz et al.,...
details
SerumDetected and Quantified79.9 +/- 38.5 uMNot AvailableOvine
    • Candidate serum m...
details
SerumDetected and Quantified63.4907 +/- 23.8216 uM
Normal
Ovine
    • Goldansaz et al.,...
details
SerumDetected and Quantified76.646 +/- 32.8903 uM
Normal
Ovine
    • Goldansaz et al.,...
details
SerumDetected and Quantified59.0917 +/- 12.9098 uM
Normal
Ovine
    • Goldansaz et al.,...
details
SerumDetected and Quantified67.2281 +/- 23.0711 uM
Normal
Ovine
    • Goldansaz et al.,...
details
SerumDetected and Quantified322.504 uMNot AvailablePorcine details
SerumDetected and Quantified256.144 uMNot AvailablePorcine details
SerumDetected and Quantified369.581 uMNot AvailablePorcine details
SerumDetected and Quantified304.871 uMNot AvailablePorcine details
SerumDetected and Quantified67.192 +/- 23.9985 uM
Normal
Ovine
    • Goldansaz et al.,...
details
SerumDetected and Quantified84.9116 +/- 37.8265 uM
Normal
Ovine
    • Goldansaz et al.,...
details
SerumDetected and Quantified78.1651 +/- 38.4436 uM
Normal
Ovine
    • Goldansaz et al.,...
details
SerumDetected and Quantified69.6385 +/- 23.83 uM
Normal
Ovine
    • Goldansaz et al.,...
details
SerumDetected and Quantified87.1761 +/- 40.6641 uM
Normal
Ovine
    • Goldansaz et al.,...
details
SerumDetected and Quantified220 +/- 70 uMNot AvailablePorcine details
SerumDetected and Quantified62.6138 +/- 25.4372 uM
Normal
Ovine
    • Goldansaz et al.,...
details
SerumDetected and Quantified63.2493 +/- 20.6131 uM
Normal
Ovine
    • Goldansaz et al.,...
details
SerumDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailablePorcine details
SerumDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailablePorcine details
SerumDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailablePorcine details
SerumDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailablePorcine details
SerumDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailablePorcine details
SerumDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailablePorcine details
SerumDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableBovine details
SerumDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableBovine details
SerumDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableBovine details
SerumDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailablePorcine details
SerumDetected and Quantified84.8209 +/- 34.9916 uM
Normal
Ovine
    • Goldansaz et al.,...
details
SerumDetected and Quantified78.232 +/- 52.2721 uM
Normal
Ovine
    • Goldansaz et al.,...
details
SerumDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailablePorcine details
SerumDetected and Quantified64.2172 +/- 20.8961 uM
Normal
Ovine
    • Goldansaz et al.,...
details
SerumDetected and Quantified65.5948 +/- 27.228 uM
Normal
Ovine
    • Goldansaz et al.,...
details
SerumDetected and Quantified74.8984 +/- 42.5547 uM
Normal
Ovine
    • Goldansaz et al.,...
details
UrineDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailablePorcine details
DrugBank IDDB00172
HMDB IDHMDB0000162
FooDB IDFDB000570
Phenol Explorer IDNot Available
KNApSAcK IDC00001388
BiGG ID34042
BioCyc IDPRO
METLIN ID29
PDB IDNot Available
Wikipedia LinkL-proline
Chemspider ID128566
ChEBI ID17203
PubChem Compound ID145742
Kegg Compound IDC00148
YMDB IDYMDB00378
ECMDB IDECMDB00162
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
General ReferencesNot Available