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Record Information
Version1.0
Creation Date2016-07-13 19:41:57 UTC
Update Date2021-04-30 20:57:58 UTC
LmdbLMDB00081
Secondary Accession NumbersNone
Metabolite Identification
Common NameL-Lysine
DescriptionL-lysine is an essential amino acid. Normal requirements for lysine have been found to be about 8 g per day or 12 mg/kg in adults. Children and infants need more- 44 mg/kg per day for an eleven to-twelve-year old, and 97 mg/kg per day for three-to six-month old. Lysine is highly concentrated in muscle compared to most other amino acids. Lysine is high in foods such as wheat germ, cottage cheese and chicken. Of meat products, wild game and pork have the highest concentration of lysine. Fruits and vegetables contain little lysine, except avocados. Normal lysine metabolism is dependent upon many nutrients including niacin, vitamin B6, riboflavin, vitamin C, glutamic acid and iron. Excess arginine antagonizes lysine. Several inborn errors of lysine metabolism are known. Most are marked by mental retardation with occasional diverse symptoms such as absence of secondary sex characteristics, undescended testes, abnormal facial structure, anemia, obesity, enlarged liver and spleen, and eye muscle imbalance. Lysine also may be a useful adjunct in the treatment of osteoporosis. Although high protein diets result in loss of large amounts of calcium in urine, so does lysine deficiency. Lysine may be an adjunct therapy because it reduces calcium losses in urine. Lysine deficiency also may result in immunodeficiency. Requirements for this amino acid are probably increased by stress. Lysine toxicity has not occurred with oral doses in animals. Lysine dosages are presently too small and may fail to reach the concentrations necessary to prove potential therapeutic applications. Lysine metabolites, amino caproic acid and carnitine have already shown their therapeutic potential. Thirty grams daily of amino caproic acid has been used as an initial daily dose in treating blood clotting disorders, indicating that the proper doses of lysine, its precursor, have yet to be used in medicine. Low lysine levels have been found in patients with Parkinson's, hypothyroidism, kidney disease, asthma and depression. The exact significance of these levels is unclear, yet lysine therapy can normalize the level and has been associated with improvement of some patients with these conditions. Abnormally elevated hydroxylysines have been found in virtually all chronic degenerative diseases and coumadin therapy. The levels of this stress marker may be improved by high doses of vitamin C. Lysine is particularly useful in therapy for marasmus (wasting) and herpes simplex. It stops the growth of herpes simplex in culture, and has helped to reduce the number and occurrence of cold sores in clinical studies. Dosing has not been adequately studied, but beneficial clinical effects occur in doses ranging from 100 mg to 4 g a day. Higher doses may also be useful, and toxicity has not been reported in doses as high as 8 g per day. Diets high in lysine and low in arginine can be useful in the prevention and treatment of herpes. Some researchers think herpes simplex virus is involved in many other diseases related to cranial nerves such as migraines, Bell's palsy and Meniere's disease. Herpes blister fluid will produce fatal encephalitis in the rabbit. (http://www.dcnutrition.com).
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
(S)-2,6-Diaminohexanoic acidChEBI
(S)-alpha,epsilon-Diaminocaproic acidChEBI
(S)-LysineChEBI
6-Ammonio-L-norleucineChEBI
KChEBI
L-2,6-Diaminocaproic acidChEBI
L-LysinChEBI
LysChEBI
LysinaChEBI
LysineChEBI
Lysine acidChEBI
LysinumChEBI
2,6-Diaminohexanoic acidKegg
(S)-2,6-DiaminohexanoateGenerator
(S)-a,epsilon-DiaminocaproateGenerator
(S)-a,epsilon-Diaminocaproic acidGenerator
(S)-alpha,epsilon-DiaminocaproateGenerator
(S)-Α,epsilon-diaminocaproateGenerator
(S)-Α,epsilon-diaminocaproic acidGenerator
L-2,6-DiaminocaproateGenerator
2,6-DiaminohexanoateGenerator
(+)-S-LysineHMDB
(S)-2,6-Diamino-hexanoateHMDB
(S)-2,6-Diamino-hexanoic acidHMDB
(S)-a,e-DiaminocaproateHMDB
(S)-a,e-Diaminocaproic acidHMDB
6-Amino-aminutrinHMDB
6-Amino-L-norleucineHMDB
a-LysineHMDB
alpha-LysineHMDB
AminutrinHMDB
H-Lys-OHHMDB
L-(+)-LysineHMDB
L-2,6-DiainohexanoateHMDB
L-2,6-Diainohexanoic acidHMDB
L-LysHMDB
Acetate, lysineHMDB
EnisylHMDB
Lysine hydrochlorideHMDB
L LysineHMDB
Lysine acetateHMDB
Chemical FormulaC6H14N2O2
Average Molecular Weight146.1876
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight146.105527702
IUPAC Name(2S)-2,6-diaminohexanoic acid
Traditional NameL-lysine
CAS Registry Number56-87-1
SMILES
NCCCC[C@H](N)C(O)=O
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C6H14N2O2/c7-4-2-1-3-5(8)6(9)10/h5H,1-4,7-8H2,(H,9,10)/t5-/m0/s1
InChI KeyKDXKERNSBIXSRK-YFKPBYRVSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
Description belongs to the class of organic compounds known as l-alpha-amino acids. These are alpha amino acids which have the L-configuration of the alpha-carbon atom.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassOrganic acids and derivatives
ClassCarboxylic acids and derivatives
Sub ClassAmino acids, peptides, and analogues
Direct ParentL-alpha-amino acids
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • L-alpha-amino acid
  • Medium-chain fatty acid
  • Amino fatty acid
  • Fatty acid
  • Fatty acyl
  • Amino acid
  • Monocarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Carboxylic acid
  • Organic oxide
  • Organopnictogen compound
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Primary amine
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Primary aliphatic amine
  • Carbonyl group
  • Organic nitrogen compound
  • Amine
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Aliphatic acyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic acyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Ontology
StatusDetected and Quantified
OriginNot Available
BiofunctionNot Available
ApplicationNot Available
Cellular locationsNot Available
Physical Properties
StateNot Available
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
logP-3.8ALOGPS
logP-3.2ChemAxon
logS-0.14ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)2.74ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)10.29ChemAxon
Physiological Charge1ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count4ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count3ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area89.34 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count5ChemAxon
Refractivity37.81 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability15.84 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings0ChemAxon
BioavailabilityYesChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterNoChemAxon
Veber's RuleNoChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleNoChemAxon
Spectra
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash KeyView
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-EI-TOF (Pegasus III TOF-MS system, Leco; GC 6890, Agilent Technologies) (3 TMS)splash10-00di-3910000000-98c565675de67aa87900Spectrum
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-EI-TOF (Pegasus III TOF-MS system, Leco; GC 6890, Agilent Technologies) (Non-derivatized)splash10-0ab9-1910000000-87ef8534f592041f50f2Spectrum
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-EI-TOF (Pegasus III TOF-MS system, Leco; GC 6890, Agilent Technologies) (4 TMS)splash10-0a4i-1921000000-84f7815b0f650fa17444Spectrum
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (3 TMS)splash10-001i-9600000000-823408dba509cb204acfSpectrum
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (3 TMS)splash10-00di-3910000000-4f5578af5e7d8b6c49f7Spectrum
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (4 TMS)splash10-0adi-1921000000-4e56d95e623e792f9e6bSpectrum
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - EI-B (Non-derivatized)splash10-00di-0921000000-eeb49e57bc1a75193058Spectrum
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - EI-B (Non-derivatized)splash10-0ab9-0921000000-ebb902be0f3754225b2fSpectrum
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-EI-TOF (Non-derivatized)splash10-00di-3910000000-98c565675de67aa87900Spectrum
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-EI-TOF (Non-derivatized)splash10-0ab9-1910000000-87ef8534f592041f50f2Spectrum
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-EI-QQ (Non-derivatized)splash10-0fdk-3923000000-15b84c2649c1b0455de1Spectrum
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-EI-TOF (Non-derivatized)splash10-0a4i-1921000000-84f7815b0f650fa17444Spectrum
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (Non-derivatized)splash10-001i-9600000000-823408dba509cb204acfSpectrum
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (Non-derivatized)splash10-00di-3910000000-4f5578af5e7d8b6c49f7Spectrum
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (Non-derivatized)splash10-0adi-1921000000-4e56d95e623e792f9e6bSpectrum
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-EI-TOF (Non-derivatized)splash10-0abi-1900000000-9ad174122e4d6e003eb8Spectrum
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (Non-derivatized) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-0089-9100000000-974cc55c9130ed5213ebSpectrum
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (1 TMS) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-0ue9-9700000000-57b24ae819b6ec26bfd2Spectrum
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (Non-derivatized) - 70eV, PositiveNot AvailableSpectrum
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (TMS_1_2) - 70eV, PositiveNot AvailableSpectrum
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (TMS_1_3) - 70eV, PositiveNot AvailableSpectrum
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (TBDMS_1_1) - 70eV, PositiveNot AvailableSpectrum
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (TBDMS_1_2) - 70eV, PositiveNot AvailableSpectrum
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (TBDMS_1_3) - 70eV, PositiveNot AvailableSpectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 10V, Negativesplash10-0002-0900000000-a997e809874357908880Spectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 20V, Negativesplash10-0002-2900000000-f64110414f82c93e1fe8Spectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 30V, Negativesplash10-014m-9200000000-33a38e6370811c5ddc82Spectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 40V, Negativesplash10-0006-9000000000-3a8b0b6e62f5c66d3720Spectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 50V, Negativesplash10-0006-9000000000-d5167570d11d77fd541eSpectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QTOF (UPLC Q-Tof Premier, Waters) , Negativesplash10-0002-0900000000-b4825cc64fcb830c6967Spectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ , negativesplash10-0002-0900000000-a997e809874357908880Spectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ , negativesplash10-0002-2900000000-c4ff775e954fa48b2c19Spectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ , negativesplash10-014m-9200000000-33a38e6370811c5ddc82Spectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ , negativesplash10-0006-9000000000-3a8b0b6e62f5c66d3720Spectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ , negativesplash10-0006-9000000000-d5167570d11d77fd541eSpectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QTOF , negativesplash10-0002-0900000000-b4825cc64fcb830c6967Spectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-0a4i-9000000000-0f5102647fc779107d70Spectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-06r6-9000000000-5d8c0c807f6816499059Spectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - 35V, Negativesplash10-0002-0900000000-3ecbec789346137a8253Spectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-0002-9000000000-4c4ede391d257c24406cSpectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-0a4i-9400000000-cda5107394204cc5ffa5Spectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - 33V, Negativesplash10-014j-9300000000-02b0e010b98a463348b4Spectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - 33V, Negativesplash10-014j-9700000000-9e4d99d347ca404a2fecSpectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - 35V, Negativesplash10-0002-0900000000-da001b514f81735845bdSpectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - 35V, Negativesplash10-0002-0900000000-487a4327777e2a6fa94dSpectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 10V, Positive (Annotated)splash10-003r-8900000000-470a0beb4f338ed89bcaSpectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 25V, Positive (Annotated)splash10-001i-9000000000-74e9193d9d33c2509bfaSpectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 40V, Positive (Annotated)splash10-0a59-9000000000-822c4e78250fffa56e39Spectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-ITFT (LTQ Orbitrap XL, Thermo Scientfic) , Positivesplash10-0002-0900000000-04f9a62a77fb5a37ca22Spectrum
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableSpectrum
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableSpectrum
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableSpectrum
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableSpectrum
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableSpectrum
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableSpectrum
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableSpectrum
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableSpectrum
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableSpectrum
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableSpectrum
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableSpectrum
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableSpectrum
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableSpectrum
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableSpectrum
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableSpectrum
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableSpectrum
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableSpectrum
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableSpectrum
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableSpectrum
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableSpectrum
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableSpectrum
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableSpectrum
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableSpectrum
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableSpectrum
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableSpectrum
2D NMR[1H,1H] 2D NMR SpectrumNot AvailableSpectrum
2D NMR[1H,13C] 2D NMR SpectrumNot AvailableSpectrum
Biological Properties
Cellular LocationsNot Available
Biofluid Locations and Tissue Locations
  • Cerebrospinal Fluid (CSF)
  • Colostrum
  • Embryo culture media
  • Feces
  • Follicular Fluid
  • Jejunum
  • Kidney
  • Liver
  • Lung
  • Meat
  • Milk
  • Plasma
  • Ruminal Fluid
  • Serum
  • Urine
  • Vitreous Humour
Concentrations
BiofluidStatusValueConditionSpeciesReferenceDetails
Cerebrospinal Fluid (CSF)Detected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableOvine details
ColostrumDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableBovine details
Embryo culture mediaDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableBovine details
Embryo culture mediaDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableBovine details
FecesDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableOvine details
Follicular FluidDetected and Quantified220 +/- 10-260+/-0 uMNot AvailablePorcine details
Follicular FluidDetected and Quantified220 +/- 20-370+/-20 uMNot AvailablePorcine details
JejunumDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailablePorcine details
KidneyDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailablePorcine details
LiverDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailablePorcine details
LungDetected and Quantified0.2+/-0.01 umol/gNot AvailablePorcine details
MeatDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableBovine details
MilkDetected and Quantified7-102 uMNot AvailableBovine details
MilkDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableBovine
    • Kurt J. Boudonck,...
details
PlasmaDetected and Quantified184 +/- 3-204+/-15 uMNot AvailablePorcine details
PlasmaDetected and Quantified303 +/- 35-253+/-45 uMNot AvailablePorcine details
PlasmaDetected and Quantified309 +/- 65-243+/-43 uMNot AvailablePorcine details
PlasmaDetected and Quantified63.7 uMNot AvailableBovine details
PlasmaDetected and Quantified64.9 uMNot AvailableBovine details
PlasmaDetected and Quantified65.4 uMNot AvailableBovine details
PlasmaDetected and Quantified149.6 +/- 58.7 uMNot AvailableOvine details
PlasmaDetected and Quantified95.7-172.2 uMNot AvailableOvine details
PlasmaDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableBovine details
PlasmaDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableOvine details
PlasmaDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableOvine details
PlasmaDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableBovine details
PlasmaDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableBovine details
PlasmaDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableOvine details
PlasmaDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableOvine details
PlasmaDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailablePorcine details
PlasmaDetected and Quantified459.93 uMNot AvailablePorcine details
PlasmaDetected and Quantified711.87 uMNot AvailablePorcine details
PlasmaDetected and Quantified732.44 uMNot AvailablePorcine details
PlasmaDetected and Quantified787.12 uMNot AvailablePorcine details
PlasmaDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableEquine
    • E. E. Escalona, J...
details
Ruminal FluidDetected and Quantified105 uMNot AvailableBovine
    • Burim NA, Qendrim...
details
Ruminal FluidDetected and Quantified116 uMNot AvailableBovine
    • Burim NA, Qendrim...
details
Ruminal FluidDetected and Quantified125 uMNot AvailableBovine
    • Burim NA, Qendrim...
details
Ruminal FluidDetected and Quantified197 uMNot AvailableBovine
    • Burim NA, Qendrim...
details
Ruminal FluidDetected and Quantified117.9 uMNot AvailableBovine details
Ruminal FluidDetected and Quantified118.9 uMNot AvailableBovine details
Ruminal FluidDetected and Quantified163.8 uMNot AvailableBovine details
Ruminal FluidDetected and Quantified231.8 uMNot AvailableBovine details
Ruminal FluidDetected and Quantified111 +/- 8 uMNot AvailableBovine
    • Saleem F, Bouatra...
details
Ruminal FluidDetected and Quantified115 +/- 24 uMNot AvailableBovine details
Ruminal FluidDetected and Quantified122 +/- 26 uMNot AvailableBovine
    • Saleem F, Bouatra...
details
Ruminal FluidDetected and Quantified188 +/- 30 uMNot AvailableBovine details
Ruminal FluidDetected and Quantified165 +/- 30 uMNot AvailableBovine
    • Saleem F, Bouatra...
details
Ruminal FluidDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableBovine details
Ruminal FluidDetected and Quantified189 +/- 17 uMNot AvailableBovine details
Ruminal FluidDetected and Quantified177 +/- 79 uMNot AvailableBovine
    • Saleem F, Bouatra...
details
Ruminal FluidDetected and Quantified177 +/- 79 uMNot AvailableBovine
    • Saleem F, Bouatra...
details
Ruminal FluidDetected and Quantified232 +/- 67 uMNot AvailableBovine
    • Saleem F, Bouatra...
details
Ruminal FluidDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableBovine details
Ruminal FluidDetected and Quantified1,030 +/- 65 uMNot AvailableCaprine details
SerumDetected and Quantified116.3641 +/- 34.3942 uM
Normal
Ovine
    • Goldansaz et al.,...
details
SerumDetected and Quantified202.7862 +/- 71.1888 uM
Normal
Ovine
    • Goldansaz et al.,...
details
SerumDetected and Quantified128.9024 +/- 38.5398 uM
Normal
Ovine
    • Goldansaz et al.,...
details
SerumDetected and Quantified159.6828 +/- 79.5243 uM
Normal
Ovine
    • Goldansaz et al.,...
details
SerumDetected and Quantified169.6245 +/- 71.5205 uM
Normal
Ovine
    • Goldansaz et al.,...
details
SerumDetected and Quantified178.9006 +/- 77.6708 uM
Normal
Ovine
    • Goldansaz et al.,...
details
SerumDetected and Quantified105.3249 +/- 31.3713 uM
Normal
Ovine
    • Goldansaz et al.,...
details
SerumDetected and Quantified139.04 +/- 51.56 uMNot AvailableOvine
    • Candidate serum m...
details
SerumDetected and Quantified68.884 uMNot AvailablePorcine details
SerumDetected and Quantified183.8588 +/- 92.0686 uM
Normal
Ovine
    • Goldansaz et al.,...
details
SerumDetected and Quantified73.809 uMNot AvailablePorcine details
SerumDetected and Quantified71.415 uMNot AvailablePorcine details
SerumDetected and Quantified101.582 uMNot AvailablePorcine details
SerumDetected and Quantified172.083 +/- 63.3137 uM
Normal
Ovine
    • Goldansaz et al.,...
details
SerumDetected and Quantified119.9781 +/- 75.2074 uM
Normal
Ovine
    • Goldansaz et al.,...
details
SerumDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailablePorcine details
SerumDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailablePorcine details
SerumDetected and Quantified187.9228 +/- 85.6174 uM
Normal
Ovine
    • Goldansaz et al.,...
details
SerumDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailablePorcine details
SerumDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailablePorcine details
SerumDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableBovine details
SerumDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableBovine details
SerumDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableBovine details
SerumDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailablePorcine details
SerumDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableCaprine details
SerumDetected and Quantified200 +/- 20 uMNot AvailablePorcine details
SerumDetected and Quantified198.8948 +/- 71.7395 uM
Normal
Ovine
    • Goldansaz et al.,...
details
SerumDetected and Quantified126.6302 +/- 64.9684 uM
Normal
Ovine
    • Goldansaz et al.,...
details
SerumDetected and Quantified131.1758 +/- 68.4389 uM
Normal
Ovine
    • Goldansaz et al.,...
details
SerumDetected and Quantified132.6294 +/- 34.221 uM
Normal
Ovine
    • Goldansaz et al.,...
details
SerumDetected and Quantified122.7317 +/- 46.5753 uM
Normal
Ovine
    • Goldansaz et al.,...
details
SerumDetected and Quantified156.4565 +/- 87.1609 uM
Normal
Ovine
    • Goldansaz et al.,...
details
SerumDetected and Quantified122.8646 +/- 31.7771 uM
Normal
Ovine
    • Goldansaz et al.,...
details
SerumDetected and Quantified171.9937 +/- 91.3466 uM
Normal
Ovine
    • Goldansaz et al.,...
details
SerumDetected and Quantified128 uMNot AvailablePorcine
    • Barbara U. Metzle...
details
SerumDetected and Quantified165.5869 +/- 81.9667 uM
Normal
Ovine
    • Goldansaz et al.,...
details
SerumDetected and Quantified178.1 uMNot AvailablePorcine
    • Barbara U. Metzle...
details
SerumDetected and Quantified187.5 uMNot AvailablePorcine
    • Barbara U. Metzle...
details
SerumDetected and Quantified205 uMNot AvailablePorcine
    • Barbara U. Metzle...
details
UrineDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableBovine details
UrineDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailablePorcine details
Vitreous HumourDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableCaprine details
DrugBank IDDB00123
HMDB IDHMDB0000182
FooDB IDFDB000474
Phenol Explorer IDNot Available
KNApSAcK IDC00001378
BiGG ID33655
BioCyc IDLYS
METLIN ID5200
PDB IDLYS
Wikipedia LinkLysine
Chemspider ID5747
ChEBI ID18019
PubChem Compound ID5962
Kegg Compound IDC00047
YMDB IDYMDB00330
ECMDB IDECMDB00182
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
General ReferencesNot Available