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Record Information
Version1.0
Creation Date2016-07-13 19:42:01 UTC
Update Date2021-04-30 20:57:58 UTC
LmdbLMDB00084
Secondary Accession NumbersNone
Metabolite Identification
Common NameL-Lactic acid
DescriptionLactic acid plays a role in several biochemical processes and is produced in the muscles during intense activity. Lactate measurement in the critically ill has been traditionally used to stratify patients with poor outcome. However, plasma lactate levels are the result of a finely tuned interplay of factors that affect the balance between its production and its clearance. When the oxygen supply does not match its consumption, organisms such as man who are forced to produce ATP for their integrity adapt in many different ways up to the point when energy failure occurs. Lactate, being part of the adaptive response, may then be used to assess the severity of the supply/demand imbalance. In such a scenario, the time to intervention becomes relevant: early and effective treatment may allow the cell to revert to a normal state, as long as the oxygen machinery (i.e. mitochondria) is intact. Conversely, once the mitochondria are deranged, energy failure occurs even in the presence of normoxia. The lactate increase in critically ill patients may therefore be viewed as an early marker of a potentially reversible state. (PMID 16356243 ) A number of studies have demonstrated that malignant transformation is associated with an increase in glycolytic flux and in anaerobic and aerobic cellular lactate excretion. Using quantitative bioluminescence imaging in various primary carcinomas in patients (uterine cervix, head and neck, colorectal region) at first diagnosis of the disease, lactate concentrations in tumors in vivo could be relatively low or extremely high (up to 40 micromol/g) in different individual tumors or within the same lesion. In all tumor entities investigated, high molar concentrations of lactate were correlated with a high incidence of distant metastasis already in an early stage of the disease. Low lactate tumors (< median of approximately 8 micromol/g) were associated with both a longer overall and disease free survival compared to high lactate lesions (lactate > approximately 8 micromol/g). Lactate dehydrogenase was found to be upregulated in most of these tumors compared to surrounding normal tissue. (PMID 15279558 ).
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
(-)-Lactic acidChEBI
(R)-(-)-Lactic acidChEBI
D-2-Hydroxypropanoic acidChEBI
D-2-Hydroxypropionic acidChEBI
D-MilchsaeureChEBI
LACTIC ACIDChEBI
D-LactateKegg
(-)-LactateGenerator
(R)-(-)-LactateGenerator
D-2-HydroxypropanoateGenerator
D-2-HydroxypropionateGenerator
LACTateGenerator
L-LactateHMDB
(R)-2-HydroxypropanoateHMDB
(R)-2-Hydroxypropanoic acidHMDB
(R)-2-HydroxypropionateHMDB
(R)-2-Hydroxypropionic acidHMDB
(R)-a-HydroxypropionateHMDB
(R)-a-Hydroxypropionic acidHMDB
(R)-alpha-HydroxypropionateHMDB
(R)-alpha-Hydroxypropionic acidHMDB
(R)-LactateHMDB
(R)-Lactic acidHMDB
D-(-)-LactateHMDB
D-(-)-Lactic acidHMDB
delta-(-)-LactateHMDB
delta-(-)-Lactic acidHMDB
delta-2-HydroxypropanoateHMDB
delta-2-Hydroxypropanoic acidHMDB
delta-2-HydroxypropionateHMDB
delta-2-Hydroxypropionic acidHMDB
delta-LactateHMDB
delta-Lactic acidHMDB
DLAHMDB
L-(+)-LactateHMDB
PropelHMDB
TisulacHMDB
2 Hydroxypropanoic acidHMDB
2 Hydroxypropionic acidHMDB
2-Hydroxypropanoic acidHMDB
Ammonium lactateHMDB
L Lactic acidHMDB
2-Hydroxypropionic acidHMDB
Sarcolactic acidHMDB
D Lactic acidHMDB
Lactate, ammoniumHMDB
L-Lactic acidHMDB
D-Lactic acidChEBI
Chemical FormulaC3H6O3
Average Molecular Weight90.0779
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight90.031694058
IUPAC Name(2R)-2-hydroxypropanoic acid
Traditional NameD-lactic acid
CAS Registry Number79-33-4
SMILES
C[C@H](O)C(O)=O
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C3H6O3/c1-2(4)3(5)6/h2,4H,1H3,(H,5,6)/t2-/m0/s1
InChI KeyJVTAAEKCZFNVCJ-REOHCLBHSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
Description belongs to the class of organic compounds known as alpha hydroxy acids and derivatives. These are organic compounds containing a carboxylic acid substituted with a hydroxyl group on the adjacent carbon.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassOrganic acids and derivatives
ClassHydroxy acids and derivatives
Sub ClassAlpha hydroxy acids and derivatives
Direct ParentAlpha hydroxy acids and derivatives
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Alpha-hydroxy acid
  • Secondary alcohol
  • Monocarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Carboxylic acid
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Organic oxide
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Carbonyl group
  • Alcohol
  • Aliphatic acyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic acyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Ontology
StatusDetected and Quantified
OriginNot Available
BiofunctionNot Available
ApplicationNot Available
Cellular locationsNot Available
Physical Properties
StateNot Available
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
logP-0.79ALOGPS
logP-0.47ChemAxon
logS0.79ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)3.78ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-3.7ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-1ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count3ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count2ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area57.53 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count1ChemAxon
Refractivity18.84 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability8.05 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings0ChemAxon
BioavailabilityYesChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterNoChemAxon
Veber's RuleNoChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleNoChemAxon
Spectra
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash KeyView
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-EI-TOF (Pegasus III TOF-MS system, Leco; GC 6890, Agilent Technologies) (Non-derivatized)splash10-00kb-0900000000-fb59ec16914501aa19abSpectrum
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - EI-B (Non-derivatized)splash10-014j-0900000000-c4d9e12b4b0150eda54bSpectrum
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-EI-TOF (Non-derivatized)splash10-00kb-0900000000-fb59ec16914501aa19abSpectrum
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (Non-derivatized) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-0006-9000000000-a3691f383d440fb00e1fSpectrum
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (2 TMS) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-01b9-9620000000-f7faa7db9c1be3d9d975Spectrum
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (Non-derivatized) - 70eV, PositiveNot AvailableSpectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 10V, Negative (Annotated)splash10-000i-9000000000-704f8ff33156c82a02d1Spectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 25V, Negative (Annotated)splash10-000m-9000000000-023931446d9bb3330e7fSpectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 40V, Negative (Annotated)splash10-000l-9000000000-0fb29afb128baea2240bSpectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-IT , negativesplash10-000i-9000000000-d7cd347946e49a57860eSpectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-0006-9000000000-aee01e43e8ee93db755dSpectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-000f-9000000000-581a00222505e9e4b458Spectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-0006-9000000000-5bfd9fdf1c0df2054452Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-006x-9000000000-5f417f4a6d08f0ab00edSpectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-00dm-9000000000-df7a94bb1a9cf6e78e1aSpectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-004j-9000000000-dc2a1b965287b9dfee9cSpectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-000i-9000000000-c3686a681cc9bbf039e1Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-000i-9000000000-ddad20647c2ac56efd22Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-00di-9000000000-b728b45617afcc6b67daSpectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-000i-9000000000-b586cb8f053eb4465b4eSpectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-000i-9000000000-400a5f1c0dfcc32ef2bbSpectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-0007-9000000000-ad5eb77c7e0a96f3a40aSpectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-0002-9000000000-00ba25458eb6c0cc2940Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-0002-9000000000-00ba25458eb6c0cc2940Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-0002-9000000000-00ba25458eb6c0cc2940Spectrum
MSMass Spectrum (Electron Ionization)splash10-002b-9000000000-50213d6b39ef9741c466Spectrum
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableSpectrum
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableSpectrum
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableSpectrum
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableSpectrum
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableSpectrum
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableSpectrum
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableSpectrum
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableSpectrum
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableSpectrum
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableSpectrum
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableSpectrum
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableSpectrum
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableSpectrum
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableSpectrum
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableSpectrum
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableSpectrum
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableSpectrum
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableSpectrum
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableSpectrum
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableSpectrum
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableSpectrum
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableSpectrum
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableSpectrum
2D NMR[1H,1H] 2D NMR SpectrumNot AvailableSpectrum
2D NMR[1H,13C] 2D NMR SpectrumNot AvailableSpectrum
Biological Properties
Cellular LocationsNot Available
Biofluid Locations and Tissue Locations
  • Brain
  • Cerebrospinal Fluid (CSF)
  • Colostrum
  • Feces
  • Follicular Fluid
  • Jejunum
  • Kidney
  • Kidney perfusate
  • Liver
  • Lung
  • Meat
  • Milk
  • Plasma
  • Rumen
  • Ruminal Fluid
  • Serum
  • Synovial Fluid
  • Urine
  • Vitreous Humour
Concentrations
BiofluidStatusValueConditionSpeciesReferenceDetails
BrainDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableOvine details
Cerebrospinal Fluid (CSF)Detected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableOvine details
Cerebrospinal Fluid (CSF)Detected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableOvine details
ColostrumDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableBovine details
ColostrumDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableBovine
    • S. F. Graham, T. ...
details
FecesDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableEquine
    • E. E. Escalona, J...
details
Follicular FluidDetected and Quantified1420.992-10546.427 uMNot AvailableBovine
    • C. Lutwak-Mann. N...
details
JejunumDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailablePorcine details
KidneyDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailablePorcine details
Kidney perfusateDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailablePorcine details
LiverDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailablePorcine details
LungDetected and Quantified1.1+/-0.11 umol/gNot AvailablePorcine details
MeatDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailablePorcine details
MeatDetected and Quantified367.58+/-50.52 umol/gNot AvailableBovine
    • S. F. Graham, T. ...
details
MeatDetected and Quantified383.14+/-51.35 umol/gNot AvailableBovine
    • S. F. Graham, T. ...
details
MeatDetected and Quantified392.24+/-63.98 umol/gNot AvailableBovine
    • S. F. Graham, T. ...
details
MeatDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableBovine details
MeatDetected and Quantified7.10+/-1.14 umol/gNot AvailableBovine
    • S. F. Graham, T. ...
details
MeatDetected and Quantified14817.25 +/- 555.7 uMNot AvailableBovine details
MeatDetected and Quantified16764.97 +/- 482.13 uMNot AvailableBovine details
MeatDetected and Quantified17300.81 +/- 1145.11 uMNot AvailableBovine details
MeatDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableBovine
    • S. F. Graham, T. ...
details
MeatDetected and Quantified21406.66 +/- 443.4 uMNot AvailableBovine details
MilkDetected and Quantified32-136 uMNot AvailableBovine details
MilkDetected and Quantified2-3538 uMNot AvailableBovine details
MilkDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableBovine details
MilkDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableBovine details
MilkDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableBovine details
MilkDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableBovine details
MilkDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableBovine details
PlasmaDetected and Quantified5210 +/- 340-5550+/-0.00 uMNot AvailablePorcine details
PlasmaDetected and Quantified5310 +/- 150-5200+/-90 uMNot AvailablePorcine details
PlasmaDetected and Quantified5550 +/- 0-5550+/-0.00 uMNot AvailablePorcine details
PlasmaDetected and Quantified1420 +/- 310-6230+/-790 uMNot AvailablePorcine details
PlasmaDetected and Quantified1700-2900 uMNot AvailableOvine details
PlasmaDetected and Quantified3490 +/- 1630 uMNot AvailableOvine details
PlasmaDetected and Quantified2420 +/- 370 uMNot AvailableBovine
    • Abdullah BAŞOĞLU,...
details
PlasmaDetected and Quantified4510 +/- 1340 uMNot AvailableBovine
    • Abdullah BAŞOĞLU,...
details
PlasmaDetected and Quantified500 +/- 90 uMNot AvailableBovine
    • Abdullah BAŞOĞLU,...
details
PlasmaDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableBovine details
PlasmaDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableBovine details
PlasmaDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailablePorcine details
PlasmaDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableBovine details
PlasmaDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableBovine details
PlasmaDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableBovine details
PlasmaDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailablePorcine details
PlasmaDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailablePorcine details
PlasmaDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailablePorcine details
PlasmaDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableOvine details
PlasmaDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableBovine details
PlasmaDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailablePorcine details
PlasmaDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailablePorcine details
PlasmaDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableEquine details
PlasmaDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableBovine
    • Trabi M, Keller M...
details
PlasmaDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableEquine
    • E. E. Escalona, J...
details
RumenDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableBovine
    • Hanne Christine B...
details
Ruminal FluidDetected and Quantified122 uMNot AvailableBovine
    • Burim NA, Qendrim...
details
Ruminal FluidDetected and Quantified124 uMNot AvailableBovine
    • Burim NA, Qendrim...
details
Ruminal FluidDetected and Quantified133 uMNot AvailableBovine
    • Burim NA, Qendrim...
details
Ruminal FluidDetected and Quantified228 uMNot AvailableBovine
    • Burim NA, Qendrim...
details
Ruminal FluidDetected and Quantified156.9 uMNot AvailableBovine details
Ruminal FluidDetected and Quantified173.5 uMNot AvailableBovine details
Ruminal FluidDetected and Quantified180.4 uMNot AvailableBovine details
Ruminal FluidDetected and Quantified282 uMNot AvailableBovine details
Ruminal FluidDetected and Quantified123 +/- 11 uMNot AvailableBovine
    • Saleem F, Bouatra...
details
Ruminal FluidDetected and Quantified134 +/- 17 uMNot AvailableBovine
    • Saleem F, Bouatra...
details
Ruminal FluidDetected and Quantified134 +/- 17 uMNot AvailableBovine
    • Saleem F, Bouatra...
details
Ruminal FluidDetected and Quantified159 +/- 22 uMNot AvailableBovine
    • Saleem F, Bouatra...
details
Ruminal FluidDetected and Quantified180 +/- 118 uMNot AvailableBovine
    • Saleem F, Bouatra...
details
Ruminal FluidDetected and Quantified252 +/- 61 uMNot AvailableBovine
    • Saleem F, Bouatra...
details
Ruminal FluidDetected and Quantified238 +/- 14 uMNot AvailableBovine details
Ruminal FluidDetected and Quantified331 +/- 36 uMNot AvailableBovine details
Ruminal FluidDetected and Quantified382 +/- 39 uMNot AvailableBovine details
Ruminal FluidDetected and Quantified290 uMNot AvailableCaprine details
Ruminal FluidDetected and Quantified350 uMNot AvailableCaprine details
Ruminal FluidDetected and Quantified440 uMNot AvailableCaprine details
Ruminal FluidDetected and Quantified1,400 +/- 160 uMNot AvailableCaprine details
Ruminal FluidDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableBovine details
SerumDetected and Quantified2548.644 +/- 1201.5577 uM
Normal
Ovine
    • Goldansaz et al.,...
details
SerumDetected and Quantified2895.8022 +/- 1466.0911 uM
Normal
Ovine
    • Goldansaz et al.,...
details
SerumDetected and Quantified2948.4762 +/- 1062.9513 uM
Normal
Ovine
    • Goldansaz et al.,...
details
SerumDetected and Quantified2486.6406 +/- 1446.734 uM
Normal
Ovine
    • Goldansaz et al.,...
details
SerumDetected and Quantified3292.8858 +/- 1917.8417 uM
Normal
Ovine
    • Goldansaz et al.,...
details
SerumDetected and Quantified2417.0946 +/- 977.5536 uM
Normal
Ovine
    • Goldansaz et al.,...
details
SerumDetected and Quantified2661.436 +/- 1829.531 uM
Normal
Ovine
    • Goldansaz et al.,...
details
SerumDetected and Quantified2841.5351 +/- 1885.0176 uM
Normal
Ovine
    • Goldansaz et al.,...
details
SerumDetected and Quantified3632.54 +/- 1287.97 uMNot AvailableOvine
    • Candidate serum m...
details
SerumDetected and Quantified2431.5628 +/- 975.1355 uM
Normal
Ovine
    • Goldansaz et al.,...
details
SerumDetected and Quantified2610.9589 +/- 1135.1722 uM
Normal
Ovine
    • Goldansaz et al.,...
details
SerumDetected and Quantified2620.0562 +/- 1123.9173 uM
Normal
Ovine
    • Goldansaz et al.,...
details
SerumDetected and Quantified2546.8599 +/- 1422.586 uM
Normal
Ovine
    • Goldansaz et al.,...
details
SerumDetected and Quantified2737.1992 +/- 1023.9705 uM
Normal
Ovine
    • Goldansaz et al.,...
details
SerumDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableBovine details
SerumDetected and Quantified2150.9344 +/- 1178.2859 uM
Normal
Ovine
    • Goldansaz et al.,...
details
SerumDetected and Quantified2209.1038 +/- 1026.3737 uM
Normal
Ovine
    • Goldansaz et al.,...
details
SerumDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailablePorcine details
SerumDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailablePorcine details
SerumDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailablePorcine details
SerumDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailablePorcine details
SerumDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailablePorcine details
SerumDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailablePorcine details
SerumDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableBovine details
SerumDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableBovine details
SerumDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableBovine details
SerumDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailablePorcine details
SerumDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableOvine details
SerumDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailablePorcine details
SerumDetected and Quantified3098.6668 +/- 1087.5902 uM
Normal
Ovine
    • Goldansaz et al.,...
details
SerumDetected and Quantified2732.7149 +/- 1355.4649 uM
Normal
Ovine
    • Goldansaz et al.,...
details
SerumDetected and Quantified2694.8472 +/- 1064.072 uM
Normal
Ovine
    • Goldansaz et al.,...
details
SerumDetected and Quantified2336.091 +/- 1156.0081 uM
Normal
Ovine
    • Goldansaz et al.,...
details
SerumDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableEquine
    • Lucia Pappalardo,...
details
SerumDetected and Quantified3211.5212 +/- 2048.5044 uM
Normal
Ovine
    • Goldansaz et al.,...
details
Synovial FluidDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableOvine details
UrineDetected and Quantified457 umol/mmol creatinineNot AvailablePorcine details
UrineDetected and Quantified7946 umol/mmol creatinineNot AvailablePorcine details
UrineDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailablePorcine details
UrineDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailablePorcine details
UrineDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableOvine details
UrineDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableOvine details
UrineDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableEquine
    • E. E. Escalona, J...
details
Vitreous HumourDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableCaprine details
DrugBank IDDB03066
HMDB IDHMDB0001311
FooDB IDFDB030146
Phenol Explorer IDNot Available
KNApSAcK IDC00019549
BiGG ID34414
BioCyc IDD-LACTATE
METLIN ID6150
PDB IDNot Available
Wikipedia LinkLactic_acid
Chemspider ID55423
ChEBI ID42111
PubChem Compound ID61503
Kegg Compound IDC00256
YMDB IDYMDB00247
ECMDB IDECMDB00190
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
General References
  1. Valenza F, Aletti G, Fossali T, Chevallard G, Sacconi F, Irace M, Gattinoni L: Lactate as a marker of energy failure in critically ill patients: hypothesis. Crit Care. 2005;9(6):588-93. Epub 2005 Sep 28. [16356243 ]
  2. Walenta S, Schroeder T, Mueller-Klieser W: Lactate in solid malignant tumors: potential basis of a metabolic classification in clinical oncology. Curr Med Chem. 2004 Aug;11(16):2195-204. [15279558 ]