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Record Information
Version1.0
Creation Date2016-07-13 19:43:20 UTC
Update Date2016-07-20 20:56:56 UTC
LmdbLMDB00145
Secondary Accession NumbersNone
Metabolite Identification
Common Name2-Phosphoglyceric acid
Description2-Phosphoglyceric acid belongs to the class of organic compounds known as sugar acids and derivatives. Sugar acids and derivatives are compounds containing a saccharide unit which bears a carboxylic acid group. 2-Phosphoglyceric acid (2PGA) is a glyceric acid which serves as the substrate in the ninth step of glycolysis. This intermediate is created by removal of the proton from C2 of 2PGA by a base in the active site. It is catalyzed by enolase into phosphoenolpyruvate (PEP), the penultimate step in the conversion of glucose to pyruvate. 2-Phosphoglyceric acid is an extremely weak basic (essentially neutral) compound (based on its pKa). 2-Phosphoglyceric acid exists in all living organisms, ranging from bacteria to humans. Outside of the human body, 2-Phosphoglyceric acid has been detected, but not quantified in, milk (cow). This could make 2-phosphoglyceric acid a potential biomarker for the consumption of these foods. Enolase catalyzes the beta-elimination reaction in a stepwise manner wherein OH- is eliminated from C3 of a discrete carbanion (enolate) intermediate.
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
3-Hydroxy-2-(phosphonooxy)propanoic acidChEBI
3-Hydroxy-2-(phosphonooxy)propanoateGenerator
2-PhosphoglycerateGenerator
2-(Dihydrogen phosphate)glycerateHMDB
2-(Dihydrogen phosphate)glyceric acidHMDB
2-P-D-GlycerateHMDB
2-P-D-Glyceric acidHMDB
2-P-GlycerateHMDB
2-P-Glyceric acidHMDB
2-phospho-D-GlycerateHMDB
2-phospho-DL-Glyceric acidHMDB
3-Hydroxy-2-phosphonooxypropanoateHMDB
3-Hydroxy-2-phosphonooxypropanoic acidHMDB
DL-2-PhosphoglycerateHMDB
Glycerate 2-phosphateHMDB
Glyceric acid 2-phosphateHMDB
PhosphoglycerateHMDB
2-Phosphoglycerate, (+-)-isomerMeSH, HMDB
2-Phosphoglycerate, (R)-isomerMeSH, HMDB
2-Phosphoglycerate, (S)-isomerMeSH, HMDB
2-Phosphoglycerate, monosodium saltMeSH, HMDB
2-Phospho-DL-glyceric acidHMDB
2-Phosphoglyceric acidHMDB
Chemical FormulaC3H7O7P
Average Molecular Weight186.0572
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight185.99293909
IUPAC Name3-hydroxy-2-(phosphonooxy)propanoic acid
Traditional Name2-phosphoglyceric acid
CAS Registry Number2553-59-5
SMILES
OCC(OP(O)(O)=O)C(O)=O
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C3H7O7P/c4-1-2(3(5)6)10-11(7,8)9/h2,4H,1H2,(H,5,6)(H2,7,8,9)
InChI KeyGXIURPTVHJPJLF-UHFFFAOYSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
Description belongs to the class of organic compounds known as sugar acids and derivatives. Sugar acids and derivatives are compounds containing a saccharide unit which bears a carboxylic acid group.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassOrganic oxygen compounds
ClassOrganooxygen compounds
Sub ClassCarbohydrates and carbohydrate conjugates
Direct ParentSugar acids and derivatives
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Beta-hydroxy acid
  • Glyceric_acid
  • Monoalkyl phosphate
  • Hydroxy acid
  • Monosaccharide
  • Organic phosphoric acid derivative
  • Phosphoric acid ester
  • Alkyl phosphate
  • Monocarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Carboxylic acid
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Alcohol
  • Organic oxide
  • Carbonyl group
  • Primary alcohol
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Aliphatic acyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic acyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Ontology
StatusDetected but not Quantified
OriginNot Available
BiofunctionNot Available
ApplicationNot Available
Cellular locationsNot Available
Physical Properties
StateNot Available
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
logP-2.2ALOGPS
logP-1.6ChemAxon
logS-0.96ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)0.81ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-3.1ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-3ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count6ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count4ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area124.29 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count4ChemAxon
Refractivity31.26 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability13.37 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings0ChemAxon
BioavailabilityYesChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterNoChemAxon
Veber's RuleNoChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleNoChemAxon
Spectra
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash KeyView
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (Non-derivatized) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-0002-9200000000-e2ebcf4711b384e44178Spectrum
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (2 TMS) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-00dl-9071000000-ee766df3166b5fd32cc6Spectrum
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (Non-derivatized) - 70eV, PositiveNot AvailableSpectrum
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (Non-derivatized) - 70eV, PositiveNot AvailableSpectrum
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (TMS_1_1) - 70eV, PositiveNot AvailableSpectrum
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (TMS_1_2) - 70eV, PositiveNot AvailableSpectrum
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (TMS_1_3) - 70eV, PositiveNot AvailableSpectrum
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (TMS_2_2) - 70eV, PositiveNot AvailableSpectrum
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (TMS_2_3) - 70eV, PositiveNot AvailableSpectrum
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (TMS_2_4) - 70eV, PositiveNot AvailableSpectrum
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (TBDMS_1_1) - 70eV, PositiveNot AvailableSpectrum
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (TBDMS_1_2) - 70eV, PositiveNot AvailableSpectrum
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (TBDMS_1_3) - 70eV, PositiveNot AvailableSpectrum
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (TBDMS_2_1) - 70eV, PositiveNot AvailableSpectrum
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (TBDMS_2_2) - 70eV, PositiveNot AvailableSpectrum
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (TBDMS_2_3) - 70eV, PositiveNot AvailableSpectrum
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (TBDMS_2_4) - 70eV, PositiveNot AvailableSpectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-004i-9000000000-91d2eb0c3d843dc23101Spectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-004i-9000000000-0d40ef3e26817734eb12Spectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-0udi-1900000000-9a8f9f38b64222541995Spectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-0pc0-8900000000-0ea2db58db10c9d65d8aSpectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-004i-9100000000-5906d2344b35a6260d9aSpectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-0a4i-9700000000-3c35d9442dbee0fecc88Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-000j-9300000000-24ac9683b32428f58197Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-0002-9600000000-b12281d6d89eef904e6bSpectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-0007-9000000000-a07c4a51c820b32ec8bdSpectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-001i-4900000000-516a86a1a17689399892Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-004i-9500000000-b33f3e08e2e8b3d5aed5Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-004i-9000000000-07016cc3ecca7d5e323bSpectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-002b-9000000000-e2aa0f15a5d31307fa1eSpectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-004i-9000000000-a5e502a2627af2048a1fSpectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-004i-9000000000-a5e502a2627af2048a1fSpectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-000i-2900000000-e1c96e130069d9cf375aSpectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-0002-9000000000-91835bf01523e3aceb24Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-001j-9000000000-d48b603841c58b435069Spectrum
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableSpectrum
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableSpectrum
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableSpectrum
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableSpectrum
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableSpectrum
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableSpectrum
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableSpectrum
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableSpectrum
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableSpectrum
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableSpectrum
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableSpectrum
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableSpectrum
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableSpectrum
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableSpectrum
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableSpectrum
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableSpectrum
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableSpectrum
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableSpectrum
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableSpectrum
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableSpectrum
Biological Properties
Cellular LocationsNot Available
Biofluid Locations and Tissue Locations
  • Milk
Concentrations
BiofluidStatusValueConditionSpeciesReferenceDetails
MilkDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableBovine details
DrugBank IDNot Available
HMDB IDHMDB0062707
FooDB IDFDB023161
Phenol Explorer IDNot Available
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
BiGG IDNot Available
BioCyc IDNot Available
METLIN IDNot Available
PDB IDNot Available
Wikipedia Link2-Phosphoglyceric_acid
Chemspider IDNot Available
ChEBI ID24344
PubChem Compound ID59
Kegg Compound IDNot Available
YMDB IDNot Available
ECMDB IDECMDB21419
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
General References
  1. Reed GH, Poyner RR, Larsen TM, Wedekind JE, Rayment I: Structural and mechanistic studies of enolase. Curr Opin Struct Biol. 1996 Dec;6(6):736-43. [8994873 ]