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Record Information
Version1.0
Creation Date2016-07-13 19:41:00 UTC
Update Date2016-09-23 18:44:31 UTC
LmdbLMDB00038
Secondary Accession NumbersNone
Metabolite Identification
Common NameCytidine
DescriptionCytidine is a nucleoside that is composed of the base cytosine linked to the five-carbon sugar D-ribose. Cytidine is a pyrimidine that besides being incorporated into nucleic acids, can serve as substrate for the salvage pathway of pyrimidine nucleotide synthesis; as precursor of the cytidine triphosphate (CTP) needed in the phosphatidylcholine (PC) and phosphatidylethanolamine (PE) biosynthetic pathway. These variations probably reflect the species differences in cytidine deaminase, the enzyme that converts cytidine to uridine in the body. The transports of cytidine into the brain's extracellular fluid, and then into neurons and glia, are essential prerequisites for cytidine to be utilized in brain. An efficient mechanism mediating the brain uptake of circulating cytidine has not yet been demonstrated. The biosynthesis of PC, the most abundant phosphatide in the brain, via the Kennedy pathway requires phosphocholine and cytidine triphosphate (CTP), a cytidine nucleotide, which is involved in the rate-limiting step. The enzyme that converts CTP to endogenous CDP-choline (CTP: phosphocholine cytidylyltransferase) is unsaturated at physiological brain CTP levels. APOBEC is a family of enzymes has been discovered with the ability to deaminate cytidines on RNA or DNA. The animal apolipoprotein B mRNA-editing enzyme, catalytic polypeptide-like 3G (APOBEC3G, or hA3G) protein, provides cells with an intracellular antiretroviral activity that is associated with the hypermutation of viral DNA through cytidine deamination. Indeed, hA3G belongs to a family of vertebrate proteins that contain one or two copies of a signature sequence motif unique to cytidine deaminases (CTDAs). (PMID: 16769123 , 15780864 , 16720547 ).
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
1-beta-D-ArabinofuranosylcytosineChEBI
4-Amino-1-beta-D-arabinofuranosyl-2(1H)-pyrimidinoneChEBI
Ara-CChEBI
ArabinocytosineChEBI
Arabinoside CChEBI
CitarabinaChEBI
CytarabinumChEBI
Cytosine arabinosideChEBI
Cytosine-1-beta-D-arabinofuranosideChEBI
Cytosine-beta-D-arabinofuranosideChEBI
DepocytKegg
1-b-D-ArabinofuranosylcytosineGenerator
1-Β-D-arabinofuranosylcytosineGenerator
4-Amino-1-b-D-arabinofuranosyl-2(1H)-pyrimidinoneGenerator
4-Amino-1-β-D-arabinofuranosyl-2(1H)-pyrimidinoneGenerator
Cytosine-1-b-D-arabinofuranosideGenerator
Cytosine-1-β-D-arabinofuranosideGenerator
Cytosine-b-D-arabinofuranosideGenerator
Cytosine-β-D-arabinofuranosideGenerator
(beta-D-Arabinofuranosyl)cytosineHMDB
1-ArabinofuranosylcytosineHMDB
1-beta -D-ArabinofaranosylcytosineHMDB
1-beta -D-Arabinofuranosyl-4-amino-2(1H)pyrimidinoneHMDB
1-beta -D-ArabinofuranosylcytosineHMDB
1-beta-D-ArabinofaranosylcytosineHMDB
1-beta-D-Arabinofuranosyl-4-amino-2(1H)pyrimidinoneHMDB
1-beta-D-Arabinofuranosyl-cytosineHMDB
1-beta-D-Arabinofuranosylcytosine, cytosine arabinosideHMDB
1-beta-D-Arabinosyl-cytosineHMDB
1-beta-D-ArabinosylcytosineHMDB
1beta -ArabinofuranasylcytosineHMDB
1beta -D-ArabinofuranosylcytosineHMDB
1beta -D-ArabinosylcytosineHMDB
1beta-ArabinofuranasylcytosineHMDB
1beta-D-ArabinofuranosylcytosineHMDB
1beta-D-ArabinosylcytosineHMDB
2(1H)-Pyrimidinone, 4-amino-1- -D-arabinofuranosylHMDB
4-Amino-1-arabinofuranosyl-2-oxo-1,2-dihydropyrimidinHMDB
4-Amino-1-arabinofuranosyl-2-oxo-1,2-dihydropyrimidineHMDB
4-Amino-1-b-D-arabinofuranosyl-2-(1H)-pyrimidinoneHMDB
4-Amino-1-beta-D-arabinofuranosylpyrimidin-2(1H)-oneHMDB
AlexanHMDB
ArabinocytidineHMDB
ArabinofuranosylcytosineHMDB
ArabinosylcytosineHMDB
ArabitinHMDB
AraCHMDB
AracytidineHMDB
AracytinHMDB
AracytineHMDB
ArafcytHMDB
beta -ArabinosylcytosineHMDB
beta -Cytosine arabinosideHMDB
beta -D-ArabinosylcytosineHMDB
beta-Ara cHMDB
beta-ArabinosylcytosineHMDB
beta-Cytosine arabinosideHMDB
beta-D-ArabinosylcytosineHMDB
CytarabinHMDB
CytarabinaHMDB
Cytarabine liposome injectionHMDB
CytarabinosideHMDB
CytonalHMDB
CytosarHMDB
Cytosar-uHMDB
Cytosine 1-beta-D-arabinofuranosideHMDB
Cytosine arabinofuranosideHMDB
Cytosine arabinoseHMDB
Cytosine beta-D-arabinofuranosideHMDB
Cytosine beta-D-arabinosideHMDB
Cytosine, beta -D-arabinosideHMDB
Cytosine, beta-D-arabinosideHMDB
Cytosine-1-beta-D-arabinofuranoside hydrochlorideHMDB
Cytosine-beta -arabinosideHMDB
Cytosine-beta -D-arabinofuranosideHMDB
Cytosine-beta-arabinosideHMDB
CytosinearabinosideHMDB
DepocyteHMDB
ErpalfaHMDB
IretinHMDB
SpongocytidineHMDB
TarabineHMDB
UdicilHMDB
Arabinoside, cytosineHMDB
CytosarUHMDB
Hydrochloride, cytarabineHMDB
Cytarabine hydrochlorideHMDB
Cytosar uHMDB
Ara CHMDB
beta Ara CHMDB
CytarabineMeSH
Chemical FormulaC9H13N3O5
Average Molecular Weight243.2166
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight243.085520541
IUPAC Name4-amino-1-[(2R,3S,4S,5R)-3,4-dihydroxy-5-(hydroxymethyl)oxolan-2-yl]-1,2-dihydropyrimidin-2-one
Traditional Namecytarabine
CAS Registry Number65-46-3
SMILES
NC1=NC(=O)N(C=C1)[C@@H]1O[C@H](CO)[C@@H](O)[C@H]1O
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C9H13N3O5/c10-5-1-2-12(9(16)11-5)8-7(15)6(14)4(3-13)17-8/h1-2,4,6-8,13-15H,3H2,(H2,10,11,16)/t4-,6-,7-,8-/m1/s1
InChI KeyUHDGCWIWMRVCDJ-XVFCMESISA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
Description belongs to the class of organic compounds known as pyrimidine nucleosides. Pyrimidine nucleosides are compounds comprising a pyrimidine base attached to a ribosyl or deoxyribosyl moiety.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassNucleosides, nucleotides, and analogues
ClassPyrimidine nucleosides
Sub ClassNot Available
Direct ParentPyrimidine nucleosides
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Pyrimidine nucleoside
  • Glycosyl compound
  • N-glycosyl compound
  • Pentose monosaccharide
  • Aminopyrimidine
  • Pyrimidone
  • Hydropyrimidine
  • Monosaccharide
  • Pyrimidine
  • Imidolactam
  • Tetrahydrofuran
  • Heteroaromatic compound
  • Secondary alcohol
  • Oxacycle
  • Azacycle
  • Organoheterocyclic compound
  • Organic nitrogen compound
  • Primary alcohol
  • Organic oxide
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Amine
  • Alcohol
  • Organopnictogen compound
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Primary amine
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Aromatic heteromonocyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAromatic heteromonocyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Ontology
StatusDetected but not Quantified
OriginNot Available
BiofunctionNot Available
ApplicationNot Available
Cellular locationsNot Available
Physical Properties
StateNot Available
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
logP-2.2ALOGPS
logP-2.8ChemAxon
logS-0.74ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)12.55ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-0.062ChemAxon
Physiological Charge0ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count7ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count4ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area128.61 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count2ChemAxon
Refractivity54.54 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability22.53 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings2ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash Key
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (5 TMS)splash10-0zfr-2951000000-7baf0e1ea8b1a34362e2View in MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (4 TMS)splash10-0g4j-2980000000-9337623aef7fec22dd97View in MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (Non-derivatized)splash10-0zfr-2951000000-7baf0e1ea8b1a34362e2View in MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (Non-derivatized)splash10-0g4j-2980000000-9337623aef7fec22dd97View in MoNA
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (Non-derivatized) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-08ml-9320000000-b032ad2c3dbed3face55View in MoNA
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (3 TMS) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-0fuu-3934200000-7c3baaaffddf6aacd0f3View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ , negativesplash10-0006-0190000000-eff861edb69ddab2c195View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ , negativesplash10-0a4i-0900000000-4b5b14f0a5467db173b6View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ , negativesplash10-0a4i-3900000000-d85ae6c771dd9206c4c2View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ , negativesplash10-06sl-9600000000-b154ca170372bcbf8a4aView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ , negativesplash10-00lu-9200000000-840df44a2d1149f4a7f7View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ , positivesplash10-01ox-0790000000-270551529aa609aa9ce8View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ , positivesplash10-03di-0900000000-855a7f8775ed4351b290View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ , positivesplash10-03di-0900000000-50671582f88f6b4d8ceeView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ , positivesplash10-03di-1900000000-54269291900f80d353c3View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ , positivesplash10-03di-7900000000-ae3ff52581cbe6141064View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-IT , positivesplash10-03di-0900000000-9f3ae8e87da22e4e2e82View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-03di-0910000000-9575881412c4c94a7eaeView in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-03di-5900000000-2cb5f7e3dbd7baa35b56View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-03dj-9600000000-7d281b2b2d57c8786e11View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-01ox-0960000000-db9207082a1fabf42daeView in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-03xs-4910000000-c89de30dd376cbcb3b66View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-00kf-9200000000-5715839499753b91f845View in MoNA
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableView in JSpectraViewer
2D NMR[1H,1H] 2D NMR SpectrumNot AvailableView in JSpectraViewer
2D NMR[1H,13C] 2D NMR SpectrumNot AvailableView in JSpectraViewer
Biological Properties
Cellular LocationsNot Available
Biofluid Locations and Tissue Locations
  • Milk
Concentrations
BiofluidStatusValueConditionSpeciesReferenceDetails
MilkDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableBovine
    • Kurt J. Boudonck,...
details
DrugBank IDDB00987
HMDB IDHMDB0015122
FooDB IDFDB001979
Phenol Explorer IDNot Available
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
BiGG IDNot Available
BioCyc IDNot Available
METLIN IDNot Available
PDB IDNot Available
Wikipedia LinkCytarabine
Chemspider ID6017
ChEBI ID28680
PubChem Compound ID6253
Kegg Compound IDC02961
YMDB IDYMDB00051
ECMDB IDECMDB00089
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
General References
  1. Cansev M: Uridine and cytidine in the brain: their transport and utilization. Brain Res Rev. 2006 Sep;52(2):389-97. [16769123 ]
  2. Huthoff H, Malim MH: Cytidine deamination and resistance to retroviral infection: towards a structural understanding of the APOBEC proteins. Virology. 2005 Apr 10;334(2):147-53. [15780864 ]
  3. Navaratnam N, Sarwar R: An overview of cytidine deaminases. Int J Hematol. 2006 Apr;83(3):195-200. [16720547 ]