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Record Information
Version1.0
Creation Date2016-07-13 19:41:02 UTC
Update Date2016-09-23 18:44:32 UTC
LmdbLMDB00039
Secondary Accession NumbersNone
Metabolite Identification
Common NameDimethylglycine
DescriptionDimethylglycine (DMG) is an amino acid derivative found in the cells of all plants and animals and can be obtained in the diet in small amounts from grains and meat. The animal body produces DMG when metabolizing choline into Glycine. Dimethylglycine that is not metabolized in the liver is transported by the circulatory system to body tissue. Dimethylglycine was popular with Russian athletes and cosmonauts owing to its reputed ability to increase endurance and reduce fatigue. DMG is also a byproduct of homocysteine metabolism. Homocysteine and betaine are converted to methionine and N, N-dimethylglycine by betaine-homocysteine methyltransferase.
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
(dimethylamino)Acetic acidChEBI
2-(dimethylamino)Acetic acidChEBI
N,N-Dimethylaminoacetic acidChEBI
N-MethylsarcosineChEBI
(dimethylamino)AcetateGenerator
2-(dimethylamino)AcetateGenerator
N,N-DimethylaminoacetateGenerator
N,N-DimethylglycineHMDB
N-Methylsarcosine N,N-dimethyl-glycineHMDB
Dimethylglycine, monopotassium saltMeSH
Dimethylglycine, sodium saltMeSH
Dimethylglycine, calcium saltMeSH
Dimethylglycine monohydrochlorideMeSH
Chemical FormulaC4H9NO2
Average Molecular Weight103.1198
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight103.063328537
IUPAC Name2-(dimethylamino)acetic acid
Traditional Namedimethylglycine
CAS Registry Number1118-68-9
SMILES
CN(C)CC(O)=O
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C4H9NO2/c1-5(2)3-4(6)7/h3H2,1-2H3,(H,6,7)
InChI KeyFFDGPVCHZBVARC-UHFFFAOYSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as alpha amino acids. These are amino acids in which the amino group is attached to the carbon atom immediately adjacent to the carboxylate group (alpha carbon).
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassOrganic acids and derivatives
ClassCarboxylic acids and derivatives
Sub ClassAmino acids, peptides, and analogues
Direct ParentAlpha amino acids
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Alpha-amino acid
  • Tertiary amine
  • Tertiary aliphatic amine
  • Amino acid
  • Carboxylic acid
  • Monocarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Organopnictogen compound
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Organic nitrogen compound
  • Carbonyl group
  • Amine
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organic oxide
  • Aliphatic acyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic acyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Ontology
StatusDetected but not Quantified
OriginNot Available
BiofunctionNot Available
ApplicationNot Available
Cellular locationsNot Available
Physical Properties
StateNot Available
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
logP-1.7ALOGPS
logP-3.1ChemAxon
logS0.96ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)1.88ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)9.69ChemAxon
Physiological Charge0ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count3ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count1ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area40.54 Å2ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count2ChemAxon
Refractivity26.07 m3·mol-1ChemAxon
Polarizability10.47 Å3ChemAxon
Number of Rings0ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash Key
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (1 TMS)splash10-03gi-3900000000-fe42012cdac3329e6581View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 10V, Positive (Annotated)splash10-0a4i-9200000000-c3fc59f00bbe1e009053View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 25V, Positive (Annotated)splash10-0a4i-9000000000-7f6039bf537452ff6c93View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 40V, Positive (Annotated)splash10-00dj-9100000000-b9c7546951d9f51f58d0View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 10V, Positivesplash10-0udi-2900000000-39eb87f9d7bffb116792View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 20V, Positivesplash10-0a4r-9100000000-c67140c27d7ca787f694View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 30V, Positivesplash10-0a4i-9000000000-9c9075d302e11b82ee64View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 40V, Positivesplash10-0a4i-9000000000-5c3302b240b5bdfde85dView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 50V, Positivesplash10-052f-9000000000-4ec4602699db0863421fView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QTOF (UPLC Q-Tof Premier, Waters) , Positivesplash10-0zfr-6900000000-61f31e5540076abc389dView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QTOF (UPLC Q-Tof Premier, Waters) 30V, Positivesplash10-0a4i-9100000000-635be273cdf7a4cdfe53View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QTOF (UPLC Q-Tof Premier, Waters) , Positivesplash10-0zfr-5900000000-5ca66452e93663c4d82aView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QTOF (UPLC Q-Tof Premier, Waters) 30V, Positivesplash10-0a4i-9200000000-0e2fb3ac0a1721a846b1View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QTOF (UPLC Q-Tof Premier, Waters) , Negativesplash10-0udi-0900000000-02624b93137883b214adView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ , positivesplash10-052f-9000000000-9950e0391541ef1aaf5eView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - , positivesplash10-0a4i-9000000000-9d0d17533e18c417ce81View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - , positivesplash10-0006-9100000000-543c3c0716e6f385d54cView in MoNA
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot Available
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot Available
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot Available
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot Available
2D NMR[1H,1H] 2D NMR SpectrumNot Available
2D NMR[1H,13C] 2D NMR SpectrumNot Available
Biological Properties
Cellular LocationsNot Available
Biofluid Locations and Tissue Locations
  • Ruminal Fluid
  • Serum
  • Urine
Concentrations
BiofluidStatusValueConditionSpeciesReferenceDetails
Ruminal FluidDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableBovine details
SerumDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableBovine details
SerumDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableBovine details
SerumDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableBovine details
UrineDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailablePorcine details
UrineDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailablePorcine details
UrineDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableEquine
    • E. E. Escalona, J...
details
UrineDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailablePorcine details
DrugBank IDDB02083
HMDB IDHMDB00092
FooDB IDFDB021893
Phenol Explorer IDNot Available
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
BiGG ID36652
BioCyc IDDIMETHYL-GLYCINE
METLIN ID277
PDB IDDMG
Wikipedia LinkDimethylglycine
Chemspider ID653
ChEBI ID17724
PubChem Compound ID673
Kegg Compound IDC01026
YMDB IDNot Available
ECMDB IDECMDB24003
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
General ReferencesNot Available