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Record Information
Version1.0
Creation Date2016-07-13 19:40:32 UTC
Update Date2016-09-23 18:44:28 UTC
LmdbLMDB00016
Secondary Accession NumbersNone
Metabolite Identification
Common NameAscorbic acid
DescriptionAscorbic acid is found naturally in citrus fruits and many vegetables and is an essential nutrient in animal diets. It is necessary to maintain connective tissue and bone. The biologically active form of ascorbic acid is vitamin C. Vitamin C is a water soluble vitamin. Primates (including animals) and a few other species in all divisions of the animal kingdom, notably the guinea pig, have lost the ability to synthesize ascorbic acid and must obtain it in their food. Vitamin C functions as a reducing agent and coenzyme in several metabolic pathways. Vitamin C is considered an antioxidant. [PubChem] Ascorbic acid is an electron donor for enzymes involved in collagen hydroxylation, biosynthesis of carnitine and norepinephrine, tyrosine metabolism, and amidation of peptide hormones. Ascrobic acid (vitamin C) deficiency causes scurvy. The amount of vitamin C necessary to prevent scurvy may not be adequate to maintain optimal health. The ability of vitamin C to donate electrons also makes it a potent water-soluble antioxidant that readily scavenges free radicals such as molecular oxygen, superoxide, hydroxyl radical, and hypochlorous acid. In this setting, several mechanisms could account for a link between vitamin C and heart disease. One is the relation between LDL oxidation and vitamins C and E. Vitamin C in vitro can recycle vitamin E, which can donate electrons to prevent LDL oxidation in vitro. As the lipid-phase vitamin E is oxidized, it can be regenerated by aqueous vitamin C. Other possibilities are that vitamin C could decrease cholesterol by mechanisms not well characterized, or could improve vasodilatation and vascular reactivity, perhaps by decreasing the interactions of nitric oxide with oxidants. (PMID: 10799361 ).
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
Acide ascorbiqueChEBI
acido AscorbicoChEBI
Acidum ascorbicumChEBI
Acidum ascorbinicumChEBI
AscoltinChEBI
AscorbicapChEBI
AscorbinsaeureChEBI
e 300ChEBI
e-300ChEBI
e300ChEBI
L-(+)-Ascorbic acidChEBI
L-AscorbateChEBI
Vitamin CChEBI
AscorbateGenerator
L-(+)-AscorbateGenerator
L-Ascorbic acidGenerator
(+)-AscorbateHMDB
(+)-Ascorbic acidHMDB
(+)-Sodium L-ascorbateHMDB
3-keto-L-GulofuranolactoneHMDB
3-oxo-L-GulofuranolactoneHMDB
AdenexHMDB
AllercorbHMDB
Antiscorbic vitaminHMDB
Antiscorbutic vitaminHMDB
arco-CeeHMDB
Ascor-b.i.d.HMDB
AscorbHMDB
AscorbajenHMDB
AscorbicabHMDB
AscorbicinHMDB
AscorbinHMDB
AscorbutinaHMDB
AscorinHMDB
AscortealHMDB
AscorvitHMDB
C-LevelHMDB
C-LongHMDB
C-QuinHMDB
C-SpanHMDB
C-ViminHMDB
CantanHMDB
CantaxinHMDB
Catavin CHMDB
Ce lentHMDB
Ce-mi-linHMDB
Ce-vi-solHMDB
CebicureHMDB
CebidHMDB
CebionHMDB
CebioneHMDB
CeconHMDB
Cee-caps TDHMDB
Cee-viteHMDB
CegiolanHMDB
CeglionHMDB
CeklinHMDB
CelaskonHMDB
CelinHMDB
Cell CHMDB
CemagylHMDB
CemillHMDB
CenetoneHMDB
CenolateHMDB
CereonHMDB
CergonaHMDB
CescorbatHMDB
CetamidHMDB
CetaneHMDB
Cetane-caps TCHMDB
Cetane-caps TDHMDB
CetebeHMDB
CetemicanHMDB
CevalinHMDB
CevatineHMDB
CevexHMDB
Cevi-bidHMDB
CeviminHMDB
CevitalHMDB
CevitamateHMDB
Cevitamic acidHMDB
CevitaminHMDB
CevitanHMDB
CevitexHMDB
CewinHMDB
ChewceeHMDB
CiaminHMDB
CipcaHMDB
CitriscorbHMDB
CitrovitHMDB
ColascorHMDB
ConceminHMDB
Davitamon CHMDB
Dora-C-500HMDB
DuoscorbHMDB
Ferrous ascorbateHMDB
gamma-Lactone L-threo-hex-2-enonateHMDB
gamma-Lactone L-threo-hex-2-enonic acidHMDB
HiCeeHMDB
HybrinHMDB
ido-CHMDB
JuvamineHMDB
KangbingfengHMDB
Kyselina askorbovaHMDB
L(+)-AscorbateHMDB
L(+)-Ascorbic acidHMDB
L-3-Ketothreohexuronic acid lactoneHMDB
L-LyxoascorbateHMDB
L-Lyxoascorbic acidHMDB
L-threo-Ascorbic acidHMDB
L-XyloascorbateHMDB
L-Xyloascorbic acidHMDB
LaroscorbineHMDB
LemascorbHMDB
Liqui-ceeHMDB
Meri-cHMDB
NatrascorbHMDB
Natrascorb injectableHMDB
Planavit CHMDB
ProscorbinHMDB
RedoxonHMDB
RibenaHMDB
Ronotec 100HMDB
Rontex 100HMDB
RoscorbicHMDB
Rovimix CHMDB
ScorbacidHMDB
Scorbu CHMDB
Scorbu-CHMDB
SecorbateHMDB
SodascorbateHMDB
Suncoat VC 40HMDB
TestascorbicHMDB
VASCHMDB
VicelatHMDB
VicinHMDB
Vicomin CHMDB
ViforcitHMDB
ViscorinHMDB
Viscorin 100mHMDB
VitaceHMDB
VitaceeHMDB
VitaciminHMDB
VitacinHMDB
VitamisinHMDB
VitascorbolHMDB
XitixHMDB
L Ascorbic acidMeSH
Acid, ascorbicMeSH
Ascorbate, ferrousMeSH
Ascorbate, sodiumMeSH
Magnesium ascorbateMeSH
Magnesium ascorbicumMeSH
Magnesium di-L-ascorbateMeSH
Di-L-ascorbate, magnesiumMeSH
Ascorbic acid, monosodium saltMeSH
Magnesium di L ascorbateMeSH
MagnorbinMeSH
Sodium ascorbateMeSH
Acid, L-ascorbicMeSH
Ascorbate, magnesiumMeSH
Chemical FormulaC6H8O6
Average Molecular Weight176.1241
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight176.032087988
IUPAC Name(5R)-5-[(1S)-1,2-dihydroxyethyl]-3,4-dihydroxy-2,5-dihydrofuran-2-one
Traditional Namevitamin C
CAS Registry Number50-81-7
SMILES
[H][C@@]1(OC(=O)C(O)=C1O)[C@@H](O)CO
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C6H8O6/c7-1-2(8)5-3(9)4(10)6(11)12-5/h2,5,7-10H,1H2/t2-,5+/m0/s1
InChI KeyCIWBSHSKHKDKBQ-JLAZNSOCSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as butenolides. These are dihydrofurans with a carbonyl group at the C2 carbon atom.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassOrganoheterocyclic compounds
ClassDihydrofurans
Sub ClassFuranones
Direct ParentButenolides
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • 2-furanone
  • Vinylogous acid
  • Alpha,beta-unsaturated carboxylic ester
  • Enoate ester
  • 1,2-diol
  • Carboxylic acid ester
  • Enediol
  • Secondary alcohol
  • Lactone
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Oxacycle
  • Monocarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Alcohol
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Carbonyl group
  • Organic oxide
  • Primary alcohol
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Aliphatic heteromonocyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic heteromonocyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Ontology
StatusDetected and Quantified
OriginNot Available
BiofunctionNot Available
ApplicationNot Available
Cellular locationsNot Available
Physical Properties
StateNot Available
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
logP-1.6ALOGPS
logP-1.9ChemAxon
logS0.14ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)4.36ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-3ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-1ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count5ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count4ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area107.22 Å2ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count2ChemAxon
Refractivity37.03 m3·mol-1ChemAxon
Polarizability14.93 Å3ChemAxon
Number of Rings1ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash Key
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, PositiveNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, PositiveNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, PositiveNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, NegativeNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, NegativeNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, NegativeNot Available
Biological Properties
Cellular LocationsNot Available
Biofluid Locations and Tissue Locations
  • Liver
  • Lung
  • Milk
  • Vitreous Humour
Concentrations
BiofluidStatusValueConditionSpeciesReferenceDetails
LiverDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailablePorcine details
LungDetected and Quantified0.44+/-0.04 umol/gNot AvailablePorcine details
MilkDetected and Quantified12.9 mg/kgNot AvailableCaprine
    • Park, Y. W; Juáre...
details
Vitreous HumourDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableCaprine details
DrugBank IDDB00126
HMDB IDHMDB00044
FooDB IDFDB001224
Phenol Explorer IDNot Available
KNApSAcK IDC00001179
BiGG ID33747
BioCyc IDASCORBATE
METLIN ID3753
PDB ID1E71
Wikipedia LinkAscorbic_Acid
Chemspider ID10189562
ChEBI ID29073
PubChem Compound ID54670067
Kegg Compound IDC01041
YMDB IDNot Available
ECMDB IDNot Available
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
General References
  1. Padayatty SJ, Levine M: Vitamin C and myocardial infarction: the heart of the matter. Am J Clin Nutr. 2000 May;71(5):1027-8. [10799361 ]